Educational Distribution and Income Redistribution through Education in Japan
This paper investigates the variables that determine the distribution of education and the redistribution of income through public education. It also explores interactions between quantity, quality, and enrollment distributions in the public and private sectors. It presents empirical evidence from Japan, which has opted for limited government spending on secondary and university education, a high-quality, low-quantity public system and, therefore, only moderate redistribution through education. It calculates enrollment and tax shares by lifetime income distribution within cohorts, to eliminate life-cycle effects on current earnings. Finally, it compares previous findings for several state systems in the U.S.