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The Post-Socialist Transformation of Central and Eastern European Countries at the Turn of the Century: Regional Development and Economic Inequality

Author

Listed:
  • Askar Akaev

    (Lomonosov Moscow State University)

  • Yuri Ichkitidze

    (Department of Finance National Research University “Higher School of Economics†St-Petersburg branch, Director of Center of Experimental Economics at St-Petersburg State University of Economics)

  • Askar Sarygulov

    (Sankt-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering)

  • Valentin Sokolov

    (Saint Petersburg State University of Economics)

Abstract

The evolution of the socio-economic systems is a non-linear process and it contains periods with smooth changes and subsequent periods of sharp jump transformation. The general design of new prospects opens at a stage of the birth of evolutionary processes, their forecasting requires the analysis of the historical prerequisites and risks, which are closely integrated to the change of moods in society. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the newly independent states have passed the transformational and evolutional stage of development from the regional economy (they actually were the regions) to the economy of the state; the Central and Eastern European countries have experienced a dramatic “drift†to the European Union. In the article, the results of almost 25 years’ transformation of these states are considered. New states, formed as a result of the collapse of the USSR, passed throughout three types of transformation. Firstly, it is the transformation at the ideological level. The transformation of the second type was purely economic. The third type can be characterized as the institutional (including structural and financial) transformation. It is shown that one of the important reasons for the modest economic performance in the post-Soviet space is that newly independent states ignore and do not use in the practice the principles of regional policy and regional modernization. One of the important characteristic of the social and economic evolution of the countries of Eastern Europe after 1990 became the process of stratification and social differentiation of society with an insufficiently strong middle class and the polarization in income levels between the different regions. The increasing polarization in the income levels of the various regions acts as the dominating trend of the growing economic inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Askar Akaev & Yuri Ichkitidze & Askar Sarygulov & Valentin Sokolov, 2016. "The Post-Socialist Transformation of Central and Eastern European Countries at the Turn of the Century: Regional Development and Economic Inequality," Economy of region, Centre for Economic Security, Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 1(3), pages 613-626.
  • Handle: RePEc:ura:ecregj:v:1:y:2016:i:3:p:613-626
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Timothy Moss, 2008. "‘Cold spots’ of Urban Infrastructure: ‘Shrinking’ Processes in Eastern Germany and the Modern Infrastructural Ideal," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(2), pages 436-451, June.
    2. Martin Hallet, 1997. "National and Regional Development in Central and Eastern Europe: Implications for EU Structural Assistance," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 120, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    3. Mojmir Mrak & Sandor Richter & Tamás Szemlér, 2015. "Cohesion Policy as a Function of the EU Budget: A Perspective from the CEE Member States," wiiw Research Reports 400, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
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