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Creación y destrucción de empresas en Chile

Author

Listed:
  • José Miguel Benavente
  • Cintia Külzer

    ()

Abstract

En este trabajo se caracterizan los patrones de creación y destrucción de empresas en Chile entre los años 1999 y 2006. Junto con ello se analiza las matrices de transición entre los diferentes tamaños de empresas en base a los datos del Servicio de Impuestos Internos. Cabe hacer notar que esta base es lo más cercano a lo que podría considerarse el universo empresarial del país, lo que constituye, sino la principal, una de las mayores fortalezas de este estudio. Mediante un modelo de datos de panel, se estudian los determinantes de la creación y destrucción de firmas encontrándose que aquellos sectores que presentan mayores economías de escala tienden a poseer una menor tasa de entrada. Por otra parte, las variables de entorno económico tales como crecimiento del PIB y el desempleo, afectan a la destrucción de firmas existentes más que a la entrada de nuevas empresas. Finalmente, la tasa de salida de empresas observada en el pasado impacta en forma consistente la tasa de creación actual en Chile. De allí la importancia que tiene la existencia de mecanismos ágiles de re emprendimiento mas que políticas de apoyo a la sobrevivencia de empresas en dificultades

Suggested Citation

  • José Miguel Benavente & Cintia Külzer, 2008. "Creación y destrucción de empresas en Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 35(2 Year 20), pages 195-214, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:35:y:2008:i:2:p:215-239
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/c30a7e8f-422c-4f1c-b10e-301f85006b24.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2005. "General Equilibrium Models: An Overview," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (S (ed.), General Equilibrium Models for the Chilean Economy, edition 1, volume 9, chapter 1, pages 001-027 Central Bank of Chile.
    2. Raphael Bergoeing & Andrés Hernando & Andrea Repetto, 2003. "Idiosyncratic Productivity Shocks and Plant-Level Heterogeneity," Documentos de Trabajo 173, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    3. Bartelsman, Eric & Haltiwanger, John C. & Scarpetta, Stefano, 2004. "Microeconomic Evidence of Creative Destruction in Industrial and Developing Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 1374, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. José Miguel Benavente & Alexander Galetovic & Ricardo Sanhueza, 2006. "Fogape: an economic analysis," Working Papers wp222, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nicolas Grau & Daniel Hojman & Alejandra Mizala, 2015. "Destructive Creation: School Turnover and Educational Attainment," Working Papers wp396, University of Chile, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dinámicas de la empresa en Chile; matrices de transición; determinantes de la entrada y salida de empresas;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics

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