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Creación y destrucción de empresas en Chile

  • José Miguel Benavente
  • Cintia Külzer


En este trabajo se caracterizan los patrones de creación y destrucción de empresas en Chile entre los años 1999 y 2006. Junto con ello se analiza las matrices de transición entre los diferentes tamaños de empresas en base a los datos del Servicio de Impuestos Internos. Cabe hacer notar que esta base es lo más cercano a lo que podría considerarse el universo empresarial del país, lo que constituye, sino la principal, una de las mayores fortalezas de este estudio. Mediante un modelo de datos de panel, se estudian los determinantes de la creación y destrucción de firmas encontrándose que aquellos sectores que presentan mayores economías de escala tienden a poseer una menor tasa de entrada. Por otra parte, las variables de entorno económico tales como crecimiento del PIB y el desempleo, afectan a la destrucción de firmas existentes más que a la entrada de nuevas empresas. Finalmente, la tasa de salida de empresas observada en el pasado impacta en forma consistente la tasa de creación actual en Chile. De allí la importancia que tiene la existencia de mecanismos ágiles de re emprendimiento mas que políticas de apoyo a la sobrevivencia de empresas en dificultades

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Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 35 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 Year 2008 (December)
Pages: 195-214

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:35:y:2008:i:2:p:215-239
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  1. Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2005. "General Equilibrium Models: An Overview," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Rómulo A. Chumacero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (S (ed.), General Equilibrium Models for the Chilean Economy, edition 1, volume 9, chapter 1, pages 001-027 Central Bank of Chile.
  2. Bartelsman, Eric & Haltiwanger, John & Scarpetta1, Stefano, 2004. "Microeconomic evidence of creative destruction in industrial and developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3464, The World Bank.
  3. Raphael Bergoeing & Andrés Hernando & Andrea Repetto, 2003. "Idiosyncratic Productivity Shocks and Plant-Level Heterogeneity," Documentos de Trabajo 173, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  4. José Miguel Benavente & Alexander Galetovic & Ricardo Sanhueza, 2006. "Fogape: an economic analysis," Working Papers wp222, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
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