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Productivity and Organization in Portuguese Firms

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  • Lorenzo Caliendo
  • Giordano Mion
  • Luca David Opromolla
  • Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Abstract

Using employer-employee matched and firm production quantity and input data for Portuguese firms, we study the endogenous response of productivity to firm reorganizations as measured by changes in the number of management layers. We show that, as a result of an exogenous demand or productivity shock that makes the firm reorganize and add a management layer, quantity-based productivity increases by about 6%, while revenue-based productivity drops by around 3%. Such a reorganization makes the firm more productive but also increases the quantity produced to an extent that lowers the price charged by the firm and, as a result, its revenue-based productivity as well.

Suggested Citation

  • Lorenzo Caliendo & Giordano Mion & Luca David Opromolla & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2020. "Productivity and Organization in Portuguese Firms," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 128(11), pages 4211-4257.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jpolec:doi:10.1086/710533
    DOI: 10.1086/710533
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    1. Chris Sampson’s journal round-up for 7th December 2020
      by Chris Sampson in The Academic Health Economists' Blog on 2020-12-07 12:00:03

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    Cited by:

    1. Luca David Opromolla & Giordano Mion & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2020. "Dream Jobs," GEE Papers 0153, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia, revised Jul 2020.
    2. Thomas Astebro & Serguey Braguinsky & Yuheng Ding, 2020. "Declining Business Dynamism among Our Best Opportunities: The Role of the Burden of Knowledge," NBER Working Papers 27787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Giorgio Barba Navaretti & Lionel Fontagné & Gianluca Orefice & Giovanni Pica & Anna Rosso, 2019. "TBTs, Firm Organization and Labour Structure- The effect of Technical Barriers to Trade on Skills," Working Papers hal-02296142, HAL.
    4. Ingrid Huitfeldt & Andreas R. Kostøl & Jan Nimczik & Andrea Weber, 2021. "Internal labor markets. A worker flow approach," Discussion Papers 961, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    5. Cruz, Marcio & Bussolo, Maurizio & Iacovone, Leonardo, 2018. "Organizing knowledge to compete," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 1-20.
    6. Giacinta Cestone & Chiara Fumagalli & Francis Kramaz & Giovanni Pica, 2015. "Insurance Between Firms: The Role of Internal Labor Markets," CSEF Working Papers 386, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy, revised 22 Jan 2020.
    7. Eero Mäkynen & Oskari Vähämaa, 2021. "Uncertainty, Misallocation and the Life-cycle Growth of Firms," Discussion Papers 146, Aboa Centre for Economics.
    8. Giorgio Barba Navaretti & Lionel Fontagné & Gianluca Orefice & Giovanni Pica & Anna Cecilia Rosso, 2019. "TBTs, Firm Organization and Labour Structure," Working Papers 2019-14, CEPII research center.
    9. Barbosa, Luciana & Bilan, Andrada & Célérier, Claire, 2019. "Credit supply and human capital: evidence from bank pension liabilities," Working Paper Series 2271, European Central Bank.
    10. Bastos, Paulo & Monteiro, Natália P. & Straume, Odd Rune, 2018. "Foreign acquisition and internal organization," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 143-163.
    11. Amaia Iza, 2016. "Entrepreneurial skills, technological progress and firm growth," EcoMod2016 9469, EcoMod.
    12. Cooke, Dudley & Fernandes, Ana P. & Ferreira, Priscila, 2021. "Entry deregulation, firm organization, and wage inequality," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 77(C).
    13. Stephan Kyburz, Huong Quynh Nguyen, 2017. "Does Proximity to Foreign Invested Firms Stimulate Productivity Growth of Domestic Firms? Firmlevel Evidence from Vietnam," Diskussionsschriften credresearchpaper16, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft - CRED.
    14. di Mauro, Filippo & Mion, Giordano & Stöhlker, Daniel, 2017. "The drivers of revenue productivity: a new decomposition analysis with firm-level data," Working Paper Series 2014, European Central Bank.
    15. Chiara Criscuolo & Jonathan Timmis, 2017. "The Relationship Between Global Value Chains and Productivity," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 32, pages 61-83, Spring.
    16. Anna Gumpert & Henrike Steimer & Manfred Antoni, 2018. "Firm Organization with Multiple Establishments," CESifo Working Paper Series 7435, CESifo.
    17. Dewitte, Ruben & Dumont, Michel & Rayp, Glenn & Willemé, Peter, 2020. "Unobserved Heterogeneity in the Productivity Distribution and Gains From Trade," MPRA Paper 102711, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Caliendo, Lorenzo & Monte, Ferdinando & Rossi-Hansberg, Esteban, 2017. "Exporting and Organizational Change," CEPR Discussion Papers 12177, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    19. He, Chuan & Mau, Karsten & Xu, Mingzhi, 2021. "Trade Shocks and Firms Hiring Decisions: Evidence from Vacancy Postings of Chinese Firms in the Trade War," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
    20. Ettore Panetti & Edoardo M. Acabbi & Alessandro Sforza, 2019. "The Financial Channels of Labor Rigidities: Evidence from Portugal," Working Papers w201915, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    21. Alessandro Sforza, 2020. "Shocks and the Organization of the Firm: Who Pays the Bill?," CESifo Working Paper Series 8084, CESifo.
    22. Bonilla, Santiago & Polanec, Sašo, 2020. "Organizational Hierarchies in the Slovenian Manufacturing Sector," MPRA Paper 103009, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. He, Chuan & Mau, Karsten & Xu, Mingzhi, 2021. "Trade Shocks and Firms Hiring Decisions:," Research Memorandum 001, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
    24. Nguyen, Huong, 2016. "Does Proximity to Foreign Invested Firms Stimulate Productivity Growth of Domestic Firms? Firm-level Evidence from Vietnam," Papers 1001, World Trade Institute.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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