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Relationships and Rationing in Consumer Loans

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  • Chakravarty, Sugato
  • Scott, James S

Abstract

We empirically examine how relationships between individual households and their creditors affect the probability of being credit-rationed. Using a data set where the credit-rationing of individual households is observed directly, we show that relationship duration and the number of activities between a family and a potential lender significantly lower the probability of being credit-rationed. Additionally, we examine the relative role of relationships in determining the interest rates of two consumer loans--a mortgage loan and a "special purposes" loan--and show that mortgage loan rates are driven less by relationship factors than the special purposes loan rates. Copyright 1999 by University of Chicago Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Chakravarty, Sugato & Scott, James S, 1999. "Relationships and Rationing in Consumer Loans," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72(4), pages 523-544, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jnlbus:v:72:y:1999:i:4:p:523-44
    DOI: 10.1086/209626
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jessica Holmes & Jonathan Isham & Jessica Wasilewski, 2005. "Overcoming Information Asymmetries in Low-Income Lending: Lessons from the “Working Wheels” Program," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 72(2), pages 329-351, October.
    2. Andrea Repetto & Sergio Rodríguez & Rodrigo O. Valdés, 2002. "Bank Lending and Relationship Banking: Evidence from Chilean Firms," Documentos de Trabajo 146, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    3. Franz R. Hahn & Werner Hölzl & Claudia Kwapil, 2016. "The Credit Channel and the Role of Monetary Policy Before, During and After the Global Financial Crisis. A Micro Data Approach to the Analysis of Bank-firm Relationships," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 59233, March.
    4. Martin Brown & Steven Ongena & Alexander Popov & Pinar Yeşin, 2011. "Who needs credit and who gets credit in Eastern Europe?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 26(01), pages 93-130, January.
    5. Doris Neuberger & Solvig Räthke-Döppner, 2015. "The role of demographics in small business loan pricing," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 411-424, February.
    6. Álvaro García & Andrea Repetto & Sergio Rodríguez & Rodrigo O. Valdés, 2004. "Concentration, Hold-up, and Information Revelation in Bank Lending: Evidence From Chilean Firms," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Luis Antonio Ahumada & J. Rodrigo Fuentes & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Banking Market Structure and Monetary Policy, edition 1, volume 7, chapter 7, pages 211-240, Central Bank of Chile.
    7. Chakravarty, Sugato & Xiang, Meifang, 2013. "The international evidence on discouraged small businesses," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 63-82.
    8. Chakravarty, Sugato & Feinberg, Richard & Rhee, Eun-Young, 2004. "Relationships and individuals' bank switching behavior," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 507-527, August.
    9. M. Martin Boyer & Charles M. Nyce, 2002. "Banks as Insurance Referral Agents? The Convergence of Financial Services: Evidence from the Title Insurance Industry," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-78, CIRANO.
    10. Jonathan Fisher & Angela Lyons, 2010. "Information and credit access: using bankruptcy as a signal," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(25), pages 3175-3193.
    11. Anjali Kumar & Manuela Francisco, 2005. "Enterprise Size, Financing Patterns, and Credit Constraints in Brazil : Analysis of Data from the Investment Climate Assessment Survey," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7330.
    12. Naranchimeg Mijid & Caroline Elliott, 2015. "Gender differences in Type 1 credit rationing of small businesses in the US," Cogent Economics & Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(1), pages 1021553-102, December.
    13. Carow, Kenneth A., 2001. "Citicorp-Travelers Group merger: Challenging barriers between banking and insurance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(8), pages 1553-1571, August.
    14. Drakos, Konstantinos & Giannakopoulos, Nicholas, 2011. "On the determinants of credit rationing: Firm-level evidence from transition countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(8), pages 1773-1790.
    15. Jessica A. Holmes & Jonathan T. Isham & Paul M. Sommers, 2007. "Is George Bailey Dead?," Applied Financial Economics Letters, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 3(1), pages 19-24, January.
    16. Sugato Chakravarty & Tansel Yilmazer, 2009. "A Multistage Model of Loans and the Role of Relationships," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 38(4), pages 781-816, December.

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