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Performance Pay System Preferences of Students Preparing to Be Teachers


  • Anthony Milanowski

    () (Consortium for Policy Research in Education, Wisconsin Center for Education Research, University of Wisconsin–Madison)


This study explored the potential acceptability of performance pay to new teachers by investigating attitudes toward performance pay of students preparing to be teachers. Focus groups and a survey of students preparing to be teachers at a large U.S. university were conducted. Most students expressed a preference for some form of performance pay and tended to prefer pay based on individual performance or pay for knowledge and skill development instead of pay based on school performance. Personality traits and work values were not related to preferences for different performance pay approaches or performance pay in general. These results suggest that teachers' experiences rather than personality or work values may be the dominant influences on attitudes toward performance pay. This implies that beginning teachers may view performance pay more favorably than their more experienced colleagues, suggesting a strategy of applying performance pay to new teachers only. © 2007 American Education Finance Association

Suggested Citation

  • Anthony Milanowski, 2007. "Performance Pay System Preferences of Students Preparing to Be Teachers," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 2(2), pages 111-132, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:edfpol:v:2:y:2007:i:2:p:111-132

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    teacher pay; performance pay; teacher performance;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid


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