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Regional inequality in the European Union: Does industry mix matter?

Author

Listed:
  • Roberto Ezcurra
  • Carlos Gil
  • Pedro Pascual
  • Manuel Rapun

Abstract

Ezcurra R., Gil C., Pascual P. and Rapun M. (2005) Regional inequality in the European Union: does industry mix matter?, Regional Studies 39 , 679-697. The aim of this paper is to test for the respective roles of regional and sectoral factors in productivity convergence in the European Union between 1977 and 1999. The methodology used for this is a new one that combines an alternative version of shift-share analysis with various results quoted in the literature on personal income distribution. The empirical evidence suggests that regional disparity in productivity in the European Union is closely related to intrinsic differences between regions. Whatever the case, the results that emerge also reveal the fundamental role of the country effect in accounting for regional disparities in income per worker in Europe. In addition our empirical results support the relevance of one-sector growth models to explicate per-capita income disparities in the European regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Ezcurra & Carlos Gil & Pedro Pascual & Manuel Rapun, 2005. "Regional inequality in the European Union: Does industry mix matter?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(6), pages 679-697.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:39:y:2005:i:6:p:679-697
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400500213473
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier X., 1996. "Regional cohesion: Evidence and theories of regional growth and convergence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1325-1352, June.
    2. Raffaele Paci & Francesco Pigliaru, 1999. "European regional growth: do sectors matter?," Chapters,in: Economic Growth and Change, chapter 8 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Raffaele Paci, 1997. "More similar and less equal: Economic growth in the European regions," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 133(4), pages 609-634, December.
    4. Cuadrado-Roura, Juan R. & Garrido, Ruben & Mancha, Tomas, 2000. "Convergence And Regional Mobility In The European Union," ERSA conference papers ersa00p450, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Enrique Lopez-Bazo & Bernard Fingleton, 2003. "Explaining the distribution of manufacturing productivity in the EU regions," ERSA conference papers ersa03p197, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Magrini, Stefano, 1999. "The evolution of income disparities among the regions of the European Union," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 257-281, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Naiquan Liu & Xinyue Ye & Huimin Yang & Ying Li & Mark Leipnik, 2014. "Manufacturing firm heterogeneity and regional economic growth difference in China," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(2), pages 213-230, June.
    2. Novotný, JOSEF, 2011. "Convergence and divergence in living standards among regions of the enlarged European Union (1992-2006)," MPRA Paper 34145, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Ugo Fratesi, 2007. "Regional Business Cycles and the Emergence of Sheltered Economies in the Southern Periphery of Europe," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(4), pages 621-648.
    4. Bockerman, Petri & Maliranta, Mika, 2007. "The micro-level dynamics of regional productivity growth: The source of divergence in Finland," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 165-182, March.
    5. Roberto Ezcurra & Carlos Gil & Pedro Pascual, 2005. "Regional welfare disparities: the case of the European Union," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(12), pages 1423-1437.
    6. Eoin O'Leary & Don J. Webber, 2015. "The Role of Structural Change in European Regional Productivity Growth," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(9), pages 1548-1560, September.
    7. José Ruiz Chico & Antonio Rafael Peña Sánchez & Mercedes Jiménez García, 2014. "Estudio de las exportaciones agroalimentarias españolas," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces DT2014/02, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
    8. Batóg Jacek & Batóg Barbara, 2007. "Productivity Changes in the European Union: Structural and Competitive Aspects," Folia Oeconomica Stetinensia, Sciendo, vol. 6(1), pages 63-74, January.
    9. repec:eee:exehis:v:67:y:2018:i:c:p:62-79 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Roberto Ezcurra & Pedro Pascual & Manuel Rapún, 2007. "Spatial disparities in the European Union: an analysis of regional polarization," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 41(2), pages 401-429, June.
    11. Eckey, Hans-Friedrich & Türck, Matthias, 2005. "Convergence of EU-regions: A literature report," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 80, University of Kassel, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    12. Modalsli, Jørgen, 2018. "The regional dispersion of income inequality in nineteenth-century Norway," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 62-79.
    13. Bruno Bracalente & Cristiano Perugini, 2010. "The components of regional disparities in Europe," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 44(3), pages 621-645, June.
    14. Julie Le Gallo & Yiannis Kamarianakis, 2011. "The Evolution of Regional Productivity Disparities in the European Union from 1975 to 2002: A Combination of Shift-Share and Spatial Econometrics," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(1), pages 123-139.
    15. Roberto Ezcurra & Carlos Gil & Pedro Pascual, 2005. "Regional Bipolarization: The Case of the European Union," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(4), pages 984-995, December.
    16. Roberto Ezcurra, 2009. "Does Income Polarization Affect Economic Growth? The Case of the European Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(2), pages 267-285.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional disparities; Productivity; Shift-share analysis; European Union; Inegalites regionales; Productivite; Analyse redistribution-repartition; Union europeenne; Regionale Ungleichheiten; Produktivitat; Shift-share Analyse; Europaische Union; Disparidades regionales; Productividad; Analisis shift-share; Union Europea; JEL classifications: R10; R11; R58;

    JEL classification:

    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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