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Accessibility and Land Use: The Case of Suburban Seattle, 1960-1990

Listed author(s):
  • Kiril Stanilov
Registered author(s):

    STANILOV K. (2003) Accessibility and land use: the case of suburban Seattle, 1960-1990, Reg. Studies 37 , 783-794. This paper explores the relationship between land use and accessibility through analysis of changing land use covers in the suburban areas of Greater Seattle over a period of 30 years. Two simple interpretations of accessibility are employed. Relative accessibility is used to investigate changes in suburban growth patterns relative to the distance to the metropolitan central business district while integral accessibility reflects the correlation between the pattern of distribution of land uses and the pattern of the regional transportation network. The first model points to a weakening of the impact of the metropolitan core on the distribution of suburban activities. The second model shows a remarkably strong and consistent relationship between patterns of land use development and accessibility to high-class regional roads providing a strong confirmation of the bid- rent model on the micro scale. STANILOV K. (2003) L'accessibilite et l'occupation du sol: etude de cas des banlieues de Seattle de 1960 a 1990, Reg. Studies 37 , 783-794. Par moyen d'une analyse de la variation de l'occupation du sol dans les zones de banlieue de l' agglomeration de Seattle sur une periode de 30 annees, cet article cherche a examiner le rapport entre l'occupation du sol et la notion d'accessibilite. On emploie deux interpretations simples de la notion d'accessibilite. On se sert de la notion d'acessibilite relative afin d'examiner la variation de la distribution de la croissance des banlieues en fonction de la distance au noyau commercial metropolitain, alors que la notion d'accessibilite integrante reflete la correlation entre la distribution de l'occupation du sol et celle du reseau de transport regional. Le premier modele indique un affaiblissement de l'impact du noyau metropolitain sur la distribution des activites de banlieue. Le deuxieme modele montre un rapport fort et regulier entre la distribution de l'occupation du sol et l'accessibilite aux routes regionales de qualite, ce qui vient fortement a l'appui du modele de location a l'echelle microeconomique. STANILOV K. (2003) Zuganglichkeit und Landnutzung: der Fall der Vororte von Seattle 1960-1990, Reg. Studies 37 , 783-794. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht die Beziehung zwischen Landnutzung und Zuganglichkeit in einem Zeitraum von 30 Jahren mittels einer Analyse der Decken sich wandelnder Landnutzung in den Vorortgebieten von Grossseattle. Es wurden zwei einfache Interpretationen von Zuganglichkeit benutzt. Relative Zuganglichkeit diente dazu, Vera nderungen in Wachstumsmustern von Vororten in Bezug auf die Entfernung zum grossstadtischen Hauptgeschaftsgebiet zu untersuchen, wa hrend integrale Zuganglichkeit die Korrelation zwischen dem Verteilungsmuster von Landnutzungen und dem Muster des regionalen Verkehrsnetzes widerspiegelt. Das erste Modell weist auf ein Nachlassen der Auswirkung des Grossstadtkerns auf die Verteilung der Vorortaktivitaten hin. Das zweite Modell zeigt eine bemerkenswert ausgepragte und bestandige Beziehung zwischen Mustern der Entwicklung der Landnutzung und Zuganglichkeit zu erstklassigen Regionalstrassen auf, und stellt damit eine uberzeugende Besta tigung des Angebots-Mietmodells im Mikromassstab dar.

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 783-794

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:37:y:2003:i:8:p:783-794
    DOI: 10.1080/0034340032000128712
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    1. Mieszkowski, Peter & Smith, Barton, 1991. "Analyzing urban decentralization : The case of Houston," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 183-199, July.
    2. L Bach, 1981. "The Problem of Aggregation and Distance for Analyses of Accessibility and Access Opportunity in Location-Allocation Models," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 13(8), pages 955-978, August.
    3. S Hanson & M Schwab, 1987. "Accessibility and intraurban travel," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 19(6), pages 735-748, June.
    4. K Jones & A Kirby, 1982. "Provision and Wellbeing: An Agenda for Public Resources Research," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 14(3), pages 297-310, March.
    5. S L Handy & D A Niemeier, 1997. "Measuring accessibility: an exploration of issues and alternatives," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 29(7), pages 1175-1194, July.
    6. K Jones & A Kirby, 1982. "Provision and wellbeing: an agenda for public resources research," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 14(3), pages 297-310, March.
    7. S Hanson & M Schwab, 1987. "Accessibility and Intraurban Travel," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 19(6), pages 735-748, June.
    8. Thomas J. Cooke & Stephen L. Ross, 1999. "Sample Selection Bias in Models of Commuting Time," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 36(9), pages 1597-1611, August.
    9. P L Knox, 1978. "The intraurban ecology of primary medical care: patterns of accessibility and their policy implications," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 10(4), pages 415-435, April.
    10. P L Knox, 1978. "The Intraurban Ecology of Primary Medical Care: Patterns of Accessibility and Their Policy Implications," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 10(4), pages 415-435, April.
    11. S L Handy & D A Niemeier, 1997. "Measuring Accessibility: An Exploration of Issues and Alternatives," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 29(7), pages 1175-1194, July.
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