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The White Gold: The Role of Government and State in Rehabilitating the Sugar Industry in Mozambique


  • Lars Buur
  • Carlota Mondlane Tembe
  • Obede Baloi


This article examines the rehabilitation of the sugar industry in Mozambique after the General Peace Accord in 1992, engaging primarily and critically with certain aspects of the business-state literature. It explains why the sugar sector was rehabilitated from the perspectives of Mozambican state, government and industry actors. The article argues that support for the industry cannot be identified in singular and one-dimensional terms, but must include a variety of attributes of support that emerged from a post-independence fusion of industry, state and government officials' historical experiences of success and failure in the industry, and pragmatic as well as longer-term ideological stances. This, it is argued, created a ‘mediating bureaucracy’ that could broker between the diverse interests and aspirations of state/government and industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Lars Buur & Carlota Mondlane Tembe & Obede Baloi, 2012. "The White Gold: The Role of Government and State in Rehabilitating the Sugar Industry in Mozambique," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(3), pages 349-362, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:48:y:2012:i:3:p:349-362
    DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2011.635200

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tarp, Finn & Arndt, Channing & Jensen, Henning Tarp & Robinson, Sherman & Heltberg, Rasmus, 2002. "Facing the development challenge in Mozambique: an economywide perspective," Research reports 126, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Deininger, Klaus & Xia, Fang, 2016. "Quantifying Spillover Effects from Large Land-based Investment: The Case of Mozambique," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 227-241.
    2. Deininger,Klaus W. & Xia,Fang & Mate,Aurelio & Payongayong,Ellen, 2015. "Quantifying spillover effects from large farm establishments : the case of Mozambique," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7466, The World Bank.
    3. Emílio Tostão & Giles Henley & Joel Tembe & Aristides Baloi, 2016. "A review of social issues for biofuels investment in Mozambique," WIDER Working Paper Series 178, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. Tilman Altenburg & Wilfried Lütkenhorst, 2015. "Industrial Policy in Developing Countries," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14726.

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