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Is there Evidence of Learning-by-Exporting in Turkish Manufacturing Industries?

Author

Listed:
  • Mahmut Yasar
  • Philip Garcia
  • Carl Nelson
  • Roderick Rejesus

Abstract

Exporting has always been thought of as one tool to improve productivity and, consequently, to spur economic growth in low- to middle-income economies. However, empirical evidence of this so-called 'learning-by-exporting' effect has been limited. This article determines whether learning-by-exporting is evident in two Turkish manufacturing sectors—the textile and apparel (T&A) and the motor vehicle and parts (MV&P) industries. A semi-parametric estimator that controls for problems associated with simultaneity and unobserved plant heterogeneity is used to test the learning-by-exporting hypothesis. After controlling for these issues, our results suggest statistically stronger learning-by-exporting effects in the T&A than in the MV&P industry. The highly concentrated and capital-intensive nature of the MV&P industry is the main reason for the lower learning-by-exporting effect in this sector. From a policy perspective, this implies that targeting export-enhancing policies to industries with significant learning-by-exporting effects may lead to more productivity gains and would better stimulate an export-led growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahmut Yasar & Philip Garcia & Carl Nelson & Roderick Rejesus, 2007. "Is there Evidence of Learning-by-Exporting in Turkish Manufacturing Industries?," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(2), pages 293-305.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:irapec:v:21:y:2007:i:2:p:293-305
    DOI: 10.1080/02692170701189193
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nina Pavcnik, 2002. "Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvements: Evidence from Chilean Plants," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(1), pages 245-276.
    2. James Levinsohn & Amil Petrin, 1999. "When Industries Become More Productive, Do Firms?," NBER Working Papers 6893, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Levinsohn, J. & Petrin, A., 1999. "When Industries Become More Productive, Do Firms?: Investigating Productivity Dynamics," Working Papers 445, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
    4. Arne Bigsten & Paul Collier & Stefan Dercon & Marcel Fafchamps & Bernard Gauthier & Jan Willem Gunning & Abena Oduro & Remco Oostendorp & Catherine Pattillo & Måns Soderbom & Francis Teal & Albert Zeu, 2004. "Do African Manufacturing Firms Learn from Exporting?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(3), pages 115-141.
    5. repec:fth:michin:445 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. James Levinsohn & Amil Petrin, 2000. "Estimating Production Functions Using Inputs to Control for Unobservables," NBER Working Papers 7819, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Bee Yan Aw & Sukkyun Chung & Mark J. Roberts, 1998. "Productivity and the Decision to Export: Micro Evidence from Taiwan and South Korea," NBER Working Papers 6558, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Jovanovic, Boyan & Lach, Saul, 1990. "The Diffusion Of Technology And Inequality Among Nations," Working Papers 90-34, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
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    Cited by:

    1. FERRAGINA, Anna Maria, 2013. "The Impact of FDI on Firm Survival and Employment: A Comparative Analysis for Turkey and Italy," CELPE Discussion Papers 127, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
    2. Aslihan Atabek Demirhan, 2016. "To be exporter or not to be exporter? Entry–exit dynamics of Turkish manufacturing firms," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 51(1), pages 181-200, August.
    3. Bruno Merlevede & Matthijs De Zwaan & Karolien Lenaerts & Victoria Purice, 2015. "Multinational Networks, Domestic,and Foreign Firms in Europe," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 15/900, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.

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