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Budgetary trade-offs of security expenditures in Turkey


  • Gulay Gunluk-Senesen


This paper investigates the budgetary trade-off structure of security (defence+internal security) expenditures in Turkey for the period 1983-1998. A modified version of Todaro's distributive share index of social welfare is used to quantify the impacts on the growth of primary budget expenditures of Security, Education, Health, General Administration, Infrastructure, and Social Services. We find that defence expenditures dominate overall security expenditures and are less affected in times of bottlenecks in the economy. A systematic pattern of negative budgetary trade-offs of security expenditures in terms of other components is not identified. We also analyse the expenditures of the Defence Industry Support Fund in an attempt to find the cost of the modernisation program to the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Gulay Gunluk-Senesen, 2002. "Budgetary trade-offs of security expenditures in Turkey," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(5), pages 385-403.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:defpea:v:13:y:2002:i:5:p:385-403
    DOI: 10.1080/10242690213509

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gulay Gunluk-Senesen, 2001. "Measuring the extent of defence expenditures: The Turkish case with Turkish data," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 27-45.
    2. Paula De Masi & Henri Lorie, 1989. "How Resilient Are Military Expenditures?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 36(1), pages 130-165, March.
    3. Dunne, Paul, 1990. "The Political Economy of Military Expenditure: An Introduction," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(4), pages 395-404, December.
    4. David Gold, 1997. "Evaluating the trade-off between military spending and investment in the United States," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 251-266.
    5. Hae S Kim, 1996. "Trade-Offs between Military Spending, Quality of Life and Economic Growth," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 38(4), pages 69-84, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Halicioglu Ferda, 2005. "An Econometric Analysis Of The Effects Of Aggregate Defense Spending On Aggregate Output: The Case Of Turkey, 1950-2002," Macroeconomics 0503009, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Halicioglu Ferda, 2004. "Defense Spending and Economic Growth in Turkey: An Empirical Application of New Macroeconomic Theory," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 2(3), pages 34-43, December.


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