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The 1993 EITC expansion and low-skilled single mothers’ welfare use decision

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  • Hau Chyi

Abstract

Previous studies on low-skilled single mothers focus generally either on the binary welfare use or work decision. However, work among welfare participants has increased steadily since the mid-1990s. This study estimates the role of the 1993 Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) expansion on the decline of welfare caseloads using a bivariate probit model. Using monthly Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) information, I find that the 1993 EITC expansion has at least the same effect on reducing welfare use as the welfare reform initiatives. Moreover, the elasticity estimates indicate that single mothers, especially those who were not employed and dependent solely on welfare before the expansion, were the most responsive to the policy initiatives. Finally, the increase in work among welfare participants is due to the relative ineffectiveness of the policies in reducing the net population of those who are on welfare and work simultaneously.

Suggested Citation

  • Hau Chyi, 2012. "The 1993 EITC expansion and low-skilled single mothers’ welfare use decision," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(13), pages 1717-1736, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:44:y:2012:i:13:p:1717-1736
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2011.554372
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/00036846.2011.554372
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    1. Wolfgang Ochel, 2004. "Welfare Time Limits in the United States – Experiences with a New Welfare-to-Work Approach," CESifo Working Paper Series 1210, CESifo Group Munich.
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