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An alternative to unrelated randomized response techniques with logistic regression analysis


  • Shu-Hui Hsieh

    () (Academia Sinica)

  • Shen-Ming Lee

    () (Feng Chia University)

  • Chin-Shang Li

    () (University of California)

  • Su-Hao Tu

    () (Academia Sinica)


Abstract The randomized response technique (RRT) is an important tool that is commonly used to protect a respondent’s privacy and avoid biased answers in surveys on sensitive issues. In this work, we consider the joint use of the unrelated-question RRT of Greenberg et al. (J Am Stat Assoc 64:520–539, 1969) and the related-question RRT of Warner (J Am Stat Assoc 60:63–69, 1965) dealing with the issue of an innocuous question from the unrelated-question RRT. Unlike the existing unrelated-question RRT of Greenberg et al. (1969), the approach can provide more information on the innocuous question by using the related-question RRT of Warner (1965) to effectively improve the efficiency of the maximum likelihood estimator of Scheers and Dayton (J Am Stat Assoc 83:969–974, 1988). We can then estimate the prevalence of the sensitive characteristic by using logistic regression. In this new design, we propose the transformation method and provide large-sample properties. From the case of two survey studies, an extramarital relationship study and a cable TV study, we develop the joint conditional likelihood method. As part of this research, we conduct a simulation study of the relative efficiencies of the proposed methods. Furthermore, we use the two survey studies to compare the analysis results under different scenarios.

Suggested Citation

  • Shu-Hui Hsieh & Shen-Ming Lee & Chin-Shang Li & Su-Hao Tu, 2016. "An alternative to unrelated randomized response techniques with logistic regression analysis," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 25(4), pages 601-621, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:stmapp:v:25:y:2016:i:4:d:10.1007_s10260-016-0351-1
    DOI: 10.1007/s10260-016-0351-1

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Shen-Ming Lee & Chin-Shang Li & Shu-Hui Hsieh & Li-Hui Huang, 2012. "Semiparametric estimation of logistic regression model with missing covariates and outcome," Metrika: International Journal for Theoretical and Applied Statistics, Springer, vol. 75(5), pages 621-653, July.
    2. Gerty J. L. M. Lensvelt-Mulders & Joop J. Hox & Peter G. M. van der Heijden & Cora J. M. Maas, 2005. "Meta-Analysis of Randomized Response Research," Sociological Methods & Research, , vol. 33(3), pages 319-348, February.
    3. Christopher R. Gjestvang & Sarjinder Singh, 2006. "A new randomized response model," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 68(3), pages 523-530, June.
    4. van den Hout, Ardo & van der Heijden, Peter G.M. & Gilchrist, Robert, 2007. "The logistic regression model with response variables subject to randomized response," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 51(12), pages 6060-6069, August.
    5. Hsieh, S.H. & Lee, S.M. & Shen, P.S., 2009. "Semiparametric analysis of randomized response data with missing covariates in logistic regression," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 53(7), pages 2673-2692, May.
    6. Hsieh, Shu-Hui & Li, Chin-Shang & Lee, Shen-Ming, 2013. "Logistic regression with outcome and covariates missing separately or simultaneously," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 32-54.
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