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Scientific collaboration between BRICS countries


  • Ugo Finardi

    () (CNR-IRCrES, National Research Council of Italy
    University of Toronto)


Abstract The five BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) are among the most important developing countries. They are joined in an association to foster mutual development. In their meetings officials have made statements on the importance of scientific collaboration. The present article analyses scientific collaborations between the five countries using co-authorships of scientific products. Gross counts, Salton’s indexes and Jaccard coefficients, as well as probabilistic affinity indexes (PAI) are calculated to highlight the different dimensions of inter-BRIC collaborations, as well as their evolution. Collaboration with external actors, and in different scientific sub-areas, is also measured. Bilateral collaborations are heterogeneous. PAIs, which are size independent, show that the trends of inter-BRICS collaborations are stable with time. Heterogeneity across different scientific areas is also present. At the end of the article results are discussed, and policy suggestions are offered.

Suggested Citation

  • Ugo Finardi, 2015. "Scientific collaboration between BRICS countries," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 102(2), pages 1139-1166, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:102:y:2015:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-014-1490-5
    DOI: 10.1007/s11192-014-1490-5

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sonia R. Zanotto & Cristina Haeffner & Jorge A. Guimarães, 2016. "Unbalanced international collaboration affects adversely the usefulness of countries’ scientific output as well as their technological and social impact," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 109(3), pages 1789-1814, December.
    2. repec:spr:scient:v:105:y:2015:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-015-1736-x is not listed on IDEAS
    3. José M. Merigó & Christian A. Cancino & Freddy Coronado & David Urbano, 2016. "Academic research in innovation: a country analysis," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 108(2), pages 559-593, August.
    4. repec:spr:scient:v:116:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11192-018-2753-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:spr:scient:v:117:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-018-2883-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Tianlong Zheng & Juan Wang & Qunhui Wang & Chunhong Nie & Zhining Shi & Xiaona Wang & Zhen Gao, 2016. "A bibliometric analysis of micro/nano-bubble related research: current trends, present application, and future prospects," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 109(1), pages 53-71, October.
    7. Ugo Finardi & Andrea Buratti, 2016. "Scientific collaboration framework of BRICS countries: an analysis of international coauthorship," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 109(1), pages 433-446, October.


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