IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Impact of carbon emission policies on manufacturing, remanufacturing and collection of used item decisions with price dependent return rate


  • Soumita Kundu

    () (Sister Nibedita Government General Degree College for Girls)

  • Tripti Chakrabarti

    () (University of Calcutta)


Abstract Industries across the world today are looking for cost effective solutions to reduce waste and curb the carbon emission, due to heightened awareness about ecological responsibility coupled with stringent government regulation and legislations, through operational adjustments in manufacturing/remanufacturing and collection (used products) policy. This paper presents a production, remanufacture and waste disposal EPQ model under different carbon regulatory mechanisms of a firm that sells new and repaired versions of its product at two different markets and it is assumed that remanufactured items are of poorer quality; i.e., not ’as-good-as new’. In reality, the return rates of used product from the end customers of both markets are influenced by the purchasing price, and therefore this study suggests that the return flow of used product as an increasing function of purchasing price. We studied the optimization model under two scenarios: (i) no carbon emission policy (ii) carbon emission norms (a. carbon tax; b. strict carbon cap; c. carbon cap and trade). Mathematical modeling followed by numerical analysis is carried out to examine the impact of regulatory policies on optimal decisions and overall emissions. The results indicate that remanufacturing is an effective strategy to decrease carbon emission compared to manufacturing process.

Suggested Citation

  • Soumita Kundu & Tripti Chakrabarti, 2018. "Impact of carbon emission policies on manufacturing, remanufacturing and collection of used item decisions with price dependent return rate," OPSEARCH, Springer;Operational Research Society of India, vol. 55(2), pages 532-555, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:opsear:v:55:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s12597-018-0336-y
    DOI: 10.1007/s12597-018-0336-y

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Abstract
    Download Restriction: Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hovelaque, Vincent & Bironneau, Laurent, 2015. "The carbon-constrained EOQ model with carbon emission dependent demand," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 285-291.
    2. Tagaras, George & Zikopoulos, Christos, 2008. "Optimal location and value of timely sorting of used items in a remanufacturing supply chain with multiple collection sites," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(2), pages 424-432, October.
    3. repec:spr:annopr:v:250:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10479-015-1936-z is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Bonney, Maurice & Jaber, Mohamad Y., 2011. "Environmentally responsible inventory models: Non-classical models for a non-classical era," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(1), pages 43-53, September.
    5. Bazan, Ehab & Jaber, Mohamad Y. & Zanoni, Simone, 2017. "Carbon emissions and energy effects on a two-level manufacturer-retailer closed-loop supply chain model with remanufacturing subject to different coordination mechanisms," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 183(PB), pages 394-408.
    6. Dobos, Imre & Richter, Knut, 2004. "An extended production/recycling model with stationary demand and return rates," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(3), pages 311-323, August.
    7. Glock, C. H. & Jaber, M. Y. & El Saadany, A., 2013. "Supply Chain Coordination with Emission Reduction Incentives," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 57672, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
    8. Dobos, Imre & Richter, Knut, 2006. "A production/recycling model with quality consideration," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(2), pages 571-579, December.
    9. Xu, Xiaoping & Zhang, Wei & He, Ping & Xu, Xiaoyan, 2017. "Production and pricing problems in make-to-order supply chain with cap-and-trade regulation," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 66(PB), pages 248-257.
    10. Du, Shaofu & Zhu, Lili & Liang, Liang & Ma, Fang, 2013. "Emission-dependent supply chain and environment-policy-making in the ‘cap-and-trade’ system," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 61-67.
    11. Chaabane, A. & Ramudhin, A. & Paquet, M., 2012. "Design of sustainable supply chains under the emission trading scheme," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(1), pages 37-49.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:12:p:4430-:d:185744 is not listed on IDEAS


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:opsear:v:55:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s12597-018-0336-y. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla) or (Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.