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Evaluating the pin money hypothesis: The relationship between women`s labour market activity, family income and poverty in Britain

Author

Listed:
  • Jane Waldfogel

    () (School of Social Work, Columbia University, 622 W. 113th Street, New York, NY 10025, USA)

  • Susan Harkness

    (Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK (Fax:)

  • Stephen Machin

    (Department of Economics, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK (Fax:)

Abstract

In this paper we evaluate the hypothesis that the over-representation of women amongst the low paid is of little importance because women`s earnings account for only a small proportion of total family income. Data from the General Household Survey (GHS), together with attitudinal evidence from three cross-sectional data sources, indicate that women`s earnings are in fact an important and growing component of family income. The majority of the growth in the share of women`s earnings occurs as a result of changing family labour structures; women`s earnings are playing an increasingly important role in keeping their families out of poverty. JEL classification: J16; J31.

Suggested Citation

  • Jane Waldfogel & Susan Harkness & Stephen Machin, 1997. "Evaluating the pin money hypothesis: The relationship between women`s labour market activity, family income and poverty in Britain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(2), pages 137-158.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:10:y:1997:i:2:p:137-158 Note: Received April 9, 1996/Accepted August 22, 1996
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Jess Benhabib & Martin Uribe, 2001. "Monetary Policy and Multiple Equilibria," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 167-186.
    2. Jess Benhabib & Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2002. "Avoiding Liquidity Traps," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(3), pages 535-563, June.
    3. Weil, Philippe, 1989. "Overlapping families of infinitely-lived agents," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 183-198.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lisa Kaida, 2015. "Ethnic Variations in Immigrant Poverty Exit and Female Employment: The Missing Link," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 52(2), pages 485-511, April.
    2. Li, Hongbin & Zhang, Junsen & Sin, Lai Ting & Zhao, Yaohui, 2006. "Relative earnings of husbands and wives in urban China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 412-431.
    3. Coral del Río & Carlos Gradín & Olga Cantó, 2006. "Pobreza y discriminación salarial por razón de género en España," Working Papers 0606, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Women`s earnings · poverty · family income;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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