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Making Sense of Naturalization: What Citizenship Means to Naturalizing Immigrants in Canada and the USA

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  • Sofya Aptekar

    (University of Massachusetts Boston)

Abstract

Immigrant naturalization is both a barometer of inclusiveness and immigrant incorporation and a mechanism of social reproduction of the nation. This article reports on an interview-based study in suburban Toronto and New Jersey that investigated how immigrants explain their decisions to acquire citizenship. It analyzes respondents’ understandings of naturalization in light of different theories of citizenship and different dimensions of the concept. The study contributes to the literature by showing how many American immigrants interviewed while going through the naturalization process resisted framing naturalization as identity-changing, situating it instead as a common-sense move following permanent settlement and belonging. In contrast, Canadian respondents were more likely to characterize naturalization as an active process that tied them to a positively valued nation. While immigrant respondents in both countries were interested in voting and travel benefits of citizenship, only American respondents sought the protection that citizenship would afford in an anti-immigrant policy climate. I discuss how naturalization as a tool of civic integration and political empowerment resonates with immigrants’ own understandings of the process and consider the role played by the institutional contexts around naturalization and immigration more generally.

Suggested Citation

  • Sofya Aptekar, 2016. "Making Sense of Naturalization: What Citizenship Means to Naturalizing Immigrants in Canada and the USA," Journal of International Migration and Integration, Springer, vol. 17(4), pages 1143-1161, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joimai:v:17:y:2016:i:4:d:10.1007_s12134-015-0458-5
    DOI: 10.1007/s12134-015-0458-5
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Douglas S. Massey & Ilana Redstone Akresh, 2006. "Immigrant Intentions and Mobility in a Global Economy: The Attitudes and Behavior of Recently Arrived U.S. Immigrants," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 87(s1), pages 954-971.
    2. Sofya Aptekar, 2014. "Citizenship Status and Patterns of Inequality in the United States and Canada," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 95(2), pages 343-359, June.
    3. Douglas S. Massey & Ilana Redstone Akresh, 2006. "Immigrant Intentions and Mobility in a Global Economy: The Attitudes and Behavior of Recently Arrived U.S. Immigrants," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 87(5), pages 954-971, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Galeano & Aurélie Pont & Philippe Wanner, 2022. "A Longitudinal Analysis of Naturalization and International Migration in Switzerland, 2011–2017," Journal of International Migration and Integration, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 889-910, June.
    2. Iraklis Dimitriadis & Fabio Quassoli, 2022. "Identity, Belonging and Strategic Citizenship. Considerations About Naturalisation Among Italians and Spaniards Living in the EU," Journal of International Migration and Integration, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 1127-1146, September.

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