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The Generalized Linear Mixed Cluster-Weighted Model

Author

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  • Salvatore Ingrassia

    ()

  • Antonio Punzo

    ()

  • Giorgio Vittadini

    ()

  • Simona Minotti

    ()

Abstract

Cluster-weighted models (CWMs) are a flexible family of mixture models for fitting the joint distribution of a random vector composed of a response variable and a set of covariates. CWMs act as a convex combination of the products of the marginal distribution of the covariates and the conditional distribution of the response given the covariates. In this paper, we introduce a broad family of CWMs in which the component conditional distributions are assumed to belong to the exponential family and the covariates are allowed to be of mixed-type. Under the assumption of Gaussian covariates, sufficient conditions for model identifiability are provided. Moreover, maximum likelihood parameter estimates are derived using the EM algorithm. Parameter recovery, classification assessment, and performance of some information criteria are investigated through a broad simulation design. An application to real data is finally presented, with the proposed model outperforming other well-established mixture-based approaches. Copyright Classification Society of North America 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Salvatore Ingrassia & Antonio Punzo & Giorgio Vittadini & Simona Minotti, 2015. "The Generalized Linear Mixed Cluster-Weighted Model," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 32(1), pages 85-113, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jclass:v:32:y:2015:i:1:p:85-113
    DOI: 10.1007/s00357-015-9175-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Salvatore Ingrassia & Simona Minotti & Giorgio Vittadini, 2012. "Local Statistical Modeling via a Cluster-Weighted Approach with Elliptical Distributions," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 29(3), pages 363-401, October.
    7. Sanjeena Subedi & Antonio Punzo & Salvatore Ingrassia & Paul McNicholas, 2013. "Clustering and classification via cluster-weighted factor analyzers," Advances in Data Analysis and Classification, Springer;German Classification Society - Gesellschaft für Klassifikation (GfKl);Japanese Classification Society (JCS);Classification and Data Analysis Group of the Italian Statistical Society (CLADAG);International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS), vol. 7(1), pages 5-40, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Antonio Punzo & Paul. D. McNicholas, 2017. "Robust Clustering in Regression Analysis via the Contaminated Gaussian Cluster-Weighted Model," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 34(2), pages 249-293, July.
    2. Paul D. McNicholas, 2016. "Model-Based Clustering," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 33(3), pages 331-373, October.
    3. Hu, Hao & Yao, Weixin & Wu, Yichao, 2017. "The robust EM-type algorithms for log-concave mixtures of regression models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 14-26.
    4. Tatjana Miljkovic & Daniel Fernández, 2018. "On Two Mixture-Based Clustering Approaches Used in Modeling an Insurance Portfolio," Risks, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(2), pages 1-18, May.
    5. Antonio Punzo & Salvatore Ingrassia, 2016. "Clustering bivariate mixed-type data via the cluster-weighted model," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 989-1013, September.
    6. Gregor Zens, 2019. "Bayesian shrinkage in mixture-of-experts models: identifying robust determinants of class membership," Advances in Data Analysis and Classification, Springer;German Classification Society - Gesellschaft für Klassifikation (GfKl);Japanese Classification Society (JCS);Classification and Data Analysis Group of the Italian Statistical Society (CLADAG);International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS), vol. 13(4), pages 1019-1051, December.
    7. Michael P. B. Gallaugher & Paul D. McNicholas, 2019. "On Fractionally-Supervised Classification: Weight Selection and Extension to the Multivariate t-Distribution," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 36(2), pages 232-265, July.
    8. Paolo Berta & Salvatore Ingrassia & Antonio Punzo & Giorgio Vittadini, 2016. "Multilevel cluster-weighted models for the evaluation of hospitals," METRON, Springer;Sapienza Università di Roma, vol. 74(3), pages 275-292, December.
    9. Faicel Chamroukhi, 2016. "Piecewise Regression Mixture for Simultaneous Functional Data Clustering and Optimal Segmentation," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 33(3), pages 374-411, October.
    10. Utkarsh J. Dang & Antonio Punzo & Paul D. McNicholas & Salvatore Ingrassia & Ryan P. Browne, 2017. "Multivariate Response and Parsimony for Gaussian Cluster-Weighted Models," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 34(1), pages 4-34, April.
    11. Maruotti, Antonello & Punzo, Antonio, 2017. "Model-based time-varying clustering of multivariate longitudinal data with covariates and outliers," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 475-496.
    12. Leila Amiri & Mojtaba Khazaei & Mojtaba Ganjali, 2017. "General location model with factor analyzer covariance matrix structure and its applications," Advances in Data Analysis and Classification, Springer;German Classification Society - Gesellschaft für Klassifikation (GfKl);Japanese Classification Society (JCS);Classification and Data Analysis Group of the Italian Statistical Society (CLADAG);International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS), vol. 11(3), pages 593-609, September.
    13. Sanjeena Subedi & Antonio Punzo & Salvatore Ingrassia & Paul McNicholas, 2015. "Cluster-weighted $$t$$ t -factor analyzers for robust model-based clustering and dimension reduction," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 24(4), pages 623-649, November.

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