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Perceived classism and its relation with socioeconomic status, health, health behaviours and perceived inferiority: the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social Sciences (LISS) panel

Author

Listed:
  • Audrey M. W. Simons

    () (Maastricht University)

  • Annemarie Koster

    (Maastricht University)

  • Daniëlle A. I. Groffen

    (Maastricht University)

  • Hans Bosma

    (Maastricht University)

Abstract

Abstract Objectives Classism might be the downside of the prevailing ideologies of individual responsibility for success. However, since studies into perceived classism have mainly been qualitative, little is known about its association with socioeconomic status, health, health behaviours and perceived inferiority, especially in more egalitarian countries. This study, therefore, examined the associations of perceived classism with socioeconomic status, health, health behaviours and perceived inferiority. Methods We used cross-sectional data (2012/2013) from the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social Sciences (LISS) (n = 1540; age 16–90; 46.9 % men). Results We found that classism was perceived by 18.2 % of the participants, with the lowest income and occupation group most likely to perceive classism (22.0 and 27.5 %, respectively). Perceived classism was significantly associated with poor health (e.g. self-rated health OR = 2.44, 95 % CI = 1.76–3.38) and feelings of inferiority (e.g. shame OR = 4.64, 95 % CI = 3.08–6.98). No significant associations were found with health behaviours. Conclusions To further examine the role of perceived classism for socioeconomic differences in health and its association with country-level socioeconomic inequalities, prevailing ideologies, and objective opportunities for social mobility, we recommend more longitudinal and international studies with comparable measures of perceived classism.

Suggested Citation

  • Audrey M. W. Simons & Annemarie Koster & Daniëlle A. I. Groffen & Hans Bosma, 2017. "Perceived classism and its relation with socioeconomic status, health, health behaviours and perceived inferiority: the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social Sciences (LISS) panel," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 62(4), pages 433-440, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:ijphth:v:62:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s00038-016-0880-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s00038-016-0880-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:aph:ajpbhl:10.2105/ajph.2012.301069_5 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Wilkinson, Richard G. & Pickett, Kate E., 2007. "The problems of relative deprivation: Why some societies do better than others," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 65(9), pages 1965-1978, November.
    3. Audrey Simons & Daniëlle Groffen & Hans Bosma, 2013. "Income-related health inequalities: does perceived discrimination matter?," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 58(4), pages 513-520, August.
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