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Barriers to International Trade: Methods of Measurement and Empirical Evidence


  • Brocker, Johannes
  • Rohweder, Herold C


Five cross sections of international trade data are analyzed by means of a gravity model in order to measure the impact of geographical distance, preferential agreements, language similarities, historical ties, and exchange rate volatilities on the pattern of world trade. The model is derived as a reduced form of a partial price equilibrium. A heteroscedastic log-linear specification is chosen in the econometric application, which is estimated by the maximum quasi-likelihood approach. Results show significant coefficients with expected signs in almost all cases.

Suggested Citation

  • Brocker, Johannes & Rohweder, Herold C, 1990. "Barriers to International Trade: Methods of Measurement and Empirical Evidence," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 24(4), pages 289-305.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:anresc:v:24:y:1990:i:4:p:289-305

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chandra Bhat & Frank Koppelman, 1999. "A retrospective and prospective survey of time-use research," Transportation, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 119-139, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bröcker, Johannes, 1998. "Spatial effects of transeuropean networks: Preliminary results from a spatial computable general equilibrium analysis," Discussion Papers 4/98, Technische Universität Dresden, "Friedrich List" Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences, Institute of Transport and Economics.
    2. Martijn J. Burger & Bert van der Knaap & Ronald S. Wall, 2013. "Revealed competition for greenfield investments between European regions," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(4), pages 619-648, July.
    3. Bröcker, Johannes & Korzhenevych, Artem & Riekhof, Marie-Catherine, 2011. "Predicting freight flows in a globalising world," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 37-44.
    4. Börje Johansson & Desirée Nilsson, 2012. "Globalisation and Distribution of Exports," Chapters,in: The Regional Economics of Knowledge and Talent, chapter 12 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Batten, David & Fischer, Manfred M., 1992. "Two Alternative Macro-Based Approaches to Model Telecommunication Traffic," MPRA Paper 78269, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Nilsson, Desirée & Johansson, Börje, 2007. "Globalization and Distribution of Exports," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 93, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    7. Rietveld, P. & Rossera, F. & Nierop, J. van, 1993. "Substitution and complementarity in telecommunication; the case of telex and telephone," Serie Research Memoranda 0050, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    8. Fischer, Manfred M. & Johannson, Börje, 1994. "Opening Up International Trade in Eastern European Countries. Consequences for Aggregate Trade Flows in the Rhine-Main-Danube Area," MPRA Paper 77812, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Bröcker, Johannes & Korzhenevych, Artem & Schürmann, Carsten, 2010. "Assessing spatial equity and efficiency impacts of transport infrastructure projects," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 44(7), pages 795-811, August.
    10. Lim, Terence & Lo, Andrew W. & Merton, Robert C. & Scholes, Myron S., 2006. "The Derivatives Sourcebook," Foundations and Trends(R) in Finance, now publishers, vol. 1(5–6), pages 365-572, April.

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