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Productive Structure, Political Cycle And Inequality: The Case Of Uruguay, 2004-2011

  • Buendía García, Luis
  • Sanabria Martín, Antonio
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    The electoral victory of the Frente Amplio (FA) in Uruguay in October, 2004, apparently represented a break with the economic policies that had been implemented till then. Those policies were indeed the same that lead the country to its deepest economic crisis between 1999 and 2002. In this article, we analyse the process triggered by those reforms, considering the evolution of the economic structure, the changes in the primary distribution of income and finally the impact on the secondary distribution of income and on poverty. We conclude that the break has been more than apparent in terms of social policies, reducing thereby inequality. However, and although we acknowledge that the span of time is still not too long, we conclude also that the changes in the productive structure are much weaker, thus jeopardizing the previous achievements when faced with worse economic conditions.

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    Article provided by University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. in its journal Revista Galega de Economía.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2013)
    Issue (Month): ex ()

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    Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:22:y:2013:i:ex_3
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    1. Giovanni Andrea Cornia, 2012. "Inequality Trends and their Determinants: Latin America over 1990-2010," Working Papers - Economics wp2012_02.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
    2. Bucheli, Marisa & Furtado, Magdalena, 2005. "Uruguay 1998-2002: la distribución del ingreso en la crisis," Revista CEPAL, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), August.
    3. Bruno Martorano, 2012. "The Impact of Uruguay’s 2007 Tax Reform on Equity and Efficiency," Working Papers - Economics wp2012_06.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
    4. Amarante, Veronica & Vigorito, Andrea, 2011. "Uruguayâ..s Income Inequality and Political Regimes during 1981â..2010," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. David De Ferranti & Guillermo E. Perry & Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Michael Walton, 2004. "Inequality in Latin America : Breaking with History?," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15009.
    6. Verónica Amarante & Andrés Dean & Rodrigo Arím, 2013. "Unemployment Insurance Design and Its Effects: Evidence for Uruguay," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, June.
    7. Verónica Amarante & Ivone Perazzo, 2009. "Crecimiento económico y pobreza en Uruguay, 1991-2006," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, December.
    8. Cornia, Giovanni Andrea, 2012. "Inequality Trends and their Determinants: Latin America over 1990-2011," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    9. Jorge Notaro, 2005. "Employment and unemployment in Uruguay 1984-2005," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 05-02, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
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