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The Effect of Unionization on Employment Growth of Canadian Companies


  • Richard J. Long


This longitudinal analysis of employment in 510 Canadian firms over the period 1980 to 1985 provides evidence that union firms in both the manufacturing and nonmanufacturing sectors experienced substantially slower employment growth than comparable nonunion firms. Controlling for industry sector, firm size, and firm age, the author finds that within the manufacturing sector, union firms grew 3.7% more slowly per year than nonunion firms, and within the nonmanufacturing sector, union firms grew 3.9% more slowly than nonunion firms. Small firms in both sectors, however, appear to have escaped any negative union effect on employment growth. Of the control variables, firm age appears to be much more important than firm size in explaining employment growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard J. Long, 1993. "The Effect of Unionization on Employment Growth of Canadian Companies," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 46(4), pages 691-703, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:ilrrev:v:46:y:1993:i:4:p:691-703

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    Cited by:

    1. Camilo Alberto Cárdenas Hurtado & María Alejandra Hernández Montes & Jhon Edwar Torres Gorron, 2015. "A Statistical Analysis of Heterogeneity on Labour Markets and Unemployment Rates in Colombia," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, August.
    2. Tobias Brändle & Laszlo Goerke, 2018. "The one constant: a causal effect of collective bargaining on employment growth? Evidence from German linked‐employer‐employee data," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 65(5), pages 445-478, November.
    3. Emin M. Dinlersoz & Ruben Hernandez-Murillo, 2002. "Did \\"right-to-work\\" work for Idaho?," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 84(May), pages 29-42.
    4. Aobdia, Daniel & Cheng, Lin, 2018. "Unionization, product market competition, and strategic disclosure," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 331-357.
    5. Patrice Laroche & Géraldine Schmidt & Heidi Wechtler, 2006. "L'influence des relations sociales sur la performance des entreprises," Post-Print hal-01010597, HAL.
    6. Abdul Waheed, 2017. "The Employment Effect of Innovation: Evidence from Bangladesh and Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 56(2), pages 105-126.

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