Work Values in European Countries: Empirical Evidence and Explanations
This exploratory study mapped work values in European countries and examined socio-economic and cultural explanations of between-country differences in the relative importance of various work values. The data from the latest wave of the European Values Study (EVS) covered 45 European countries. Exploratory factor analysis was used in order to capture the information of initial indicators into a reasonable number of dimensions. It was confirmed that extrinsic (instrumental) work values have more importance in countries with a lower level of socio-economic development. Regarding cultural explanations, no effect of individualism-collectivism was found, but uncertainty avoidance turned out to be positively correlated with affective work values and negatively with self-actualisation.
Volume (Year): 12 (2011)
Issue (Month): 5 (December)
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