On Competition and Product Differentiation in Urban Transportation: The San Francisco Bay Area
This article considers Cournot-like competition among two public transit oligopolists (a rapid-rail system modeled on the Bay Area's BART, and a parallel bus system) in the presence of a competitively supplied third alternative. The oligopolists compete in both service quality and price, and do so myopically. With demand and cost data from the Bay Area numerically estimated equilibria are obtained and studied. The results indicate that: (1) with fares and product characteristics freely variable, neither mode need operate at a loss; (2) the rapid-rail mode can cover costs from the farebox even if the bus mode offers money-losing service; (3) the equilibria exhibit product differentiation, in sharp contrast to the presently observed situation.
Volume (Year): 12 (1981)
Issue (Month): 2 (Autumn)
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.rje.org|
|Order Information:||Web: https://editorialexpress.com/cgi-bin/rje_online.cgi|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rje:bellje:v:12:y:1981:i:autumn:p:362-379. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.