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La genealogía del liberalismo: una lectura económica del “Segundo Tratado sobre el Gobierno Civil” de John Locke


  • Mauricio Pérez Salazar

    () (Universidad Externado de Colombia)


This paper presents an interpretation of John Locke’s theory of political society. After reviewing the differences between Locke‘s and Hobbes‘ ideas of individual, government and the importance of a rational discussion about the construction of political society, the article shows the role of individual freedom and consent as basis for explaining the situation of men in political society. The analysis of Locke´s social contract shows how the creation of government is the outcome of the search for economic efficiency, because it permits the reduction of transaction costs or what Locke calls “the inconveniences of the state of nature”.

Suggested Citation

  • Mauricio Pérez Salazar, 1999. "La genealogía del liberalismo: una lectura económica del “Segundo Tratado sobre el Gobierno Civil” de John Locke," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 1(1), pages 59-88, July-dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:1:y:1999:i:1:p:59-88

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Homero Cuevas, 1998. "Proceso político y bienestar social," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Economía, edition 1, volume 1, number 39, EJSER Sep.
    2. Sen, Amartya, 1987. "La elección social y la justicia," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(215), pages 433-456, julio-sep.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ricardo Kerguelén Méndez, 2016. "[Ensayo] Liberalismo e instituciones: Douglass North y la economía neoclásica," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, vol. 10(1), pages 249-290, June.

    More about this item


    John Locke; liberalism; political society; individual freedom; consent; civil government;

    JEL classification:

    • B19 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Other
    • H89 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Other


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