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Utilitarismo y mediciones de pobreza

Author

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  • Jorge Iván González

Abstract

Este artículo muestra la relación entre el utilitarismo y las mediciones de pobreza. No obstante los esfuerzos por encontrar índices que superen las limitaciones del utilitarismo, aún conservan un profundo espíritu benthamiano. No ha sido posible romper la asociación entre porciones de riqueza y porciones de felicidad. Las medidas de pobreza recientes –como el índice de pobreza multidimensional– son complementarias, pero no sustitutas, de los índices basados en el ingreso, como la línea de pobreza. Como no ha sido posible romper con el utilitarismo, la mejor opción es retomar los aportes de esta escuela y, al mismo tiempo, aceptar el reto de ir más allá del utilitarismo. En vez de cantar victoria y declarar el fin del utilitarismo, es conveniente retomar algunos de sus mensajes centrales y buscar que la política pública procure efectivamente la mayor felicidad para el mayor número.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Iván González, 2011. "Utilitarismo y mediciones de pobreza," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(25), pages 89-103, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:13:y:2011:i:25:p:85-103
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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/jgonzalez25.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. John C. Harsanyi, 1953. "Cardinal Utility in Welfare Economics and in the Theory of Risk-taking," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 61, pages 434-434.
    2. François Bourguignon & Satya Chakravarty, 2003. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 1(1), pages 25-49, April.
    3. Diego Battiston & Guillermo Cruces & Luis Lopez-Calva & Maria Lugo & Maria Santos, 2013. "Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American Countries," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 112(2), pages 291-314, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bien-estar; utilitarismo; enfoque de capacidades; mediciones de pobreza; Sen; Harsanyi;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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