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Utilitarismo y mediciones de pobreza

  • Jorge Iván González
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    Este artículo muestra la relación entre el utilitarismo y las mediciones de pobreza. No obstante los esfuerzos por encontrar índices que superen las limitaciones del utilitarismo, aún conservan un profundo espíritu benthamiano. No ha sido posible romper la asociación entre porciones de riqueza y porciones de felicidad. Las medidas de pobreza recientes –como el índice de pobreza multidimensional– son complementarias, pero no sustitutas, de los índices basados en el ingreso, como la línea de pobreza. Como no ha sido posible romper con el utilitarismo, la mejor opción es retomar los aportes de esta escuela y, al mismo tiempo, aceptar el reto de ir más allá del utilitarismo. En vez de cantar victoria y declarar el fin del utilitarismo, es conveniente retomar algunos de sus mensajes centrales y buscar que la política pública procure efectivamente la mayor felicidad para el mayor número.

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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/jgonzalez25.pdf
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    Article provided by Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía in its journal Revista de Economía Institucional.

    Volume (Year): 13 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 25 (July-December)
    Pages: 89-103

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    Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:13:y:2011:i:25:p:85-103
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    1. Bourguignon, F. & Chakravarty, S.R., 1998. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," DELTA Working Papers 98-12, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
    2. Diego Battiston & Guillermo Cruces & Luis Felipe Lopez-Calva & Maria Ana Lugo & Maria Emma Santos, 2009. "Income and beyond: Multidimensional poverty in six Latin American countries," Working Papers 142, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    3. John C. Harsanyi, 1953. "Cardinal Utility in Welfare Economics and in the Theory of Risk-taking," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 61, pages 434.
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