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Du déclassement professionnel à la désaffection pour le métier. Le cas des producteurs laitiers du Marais Poitevin


  • Gaétan Fillonneau

    (Université de Nantes, CENS / PRES LUNAM Université, ESA, LARESS, 55 rue Rabelais, 49007 Angers, France)


[paper in French] The article describes the signs of both a professional and an identity crisis that dairy producers in the Marais Poitevin are going through. The analysis of relationship with work, its content – milking in particular – and its compensation, has proven useful in highlighting the disaffection they have with their occupation. When desertion reaches a certain threshold, the foundations of a professional reproduction crisis are laid. Some of the specifically local features of the profession explain the sociological reasons behind this crisis. In an unfavourable economic context which highlights the limits of the current dairy production model, the local ideological and institutional context hardly helps to encourage detachment from the standard technical model. The study also revealed that comparisons made with the professional situations of cereal farmers also led to abandonment. The competition (economic and symbolic) of cereal farming, accentuates the impression of professional relegation. The occupational depreciation encountered is the result of a gradual decline in status of this professional segment.

Suggested Citation

  • Gaétan Fillonneau, 2012. "Du déclassement professionnel à la désaffection pour le métier. Le cas des producteurs laitiers du Marais Poitevin," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 93(3), pages 323-350.
  • Handle: RePEc:rae:jourae:v:93:y:2012:i:3:p:323-350

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Claude Grignon, 1982. "Professionnalisation et transformation de la hiérarchie sociale des agriculteurs," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 152(1), pages 61-66.
    2. C. Grignon, 1981. "Les conditions sociales de l'intensification," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 146(1), pages 3-13.
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    More about this item


    dairy farmers; professional crisis; relationship with work; professional relegation; professional segmentation;

    JEL classification:

    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification


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