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Professionnalisation et transformation de la hiérarchie sociale des agriculteurs

  • Claude Grignon
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    [fre] Traits essentiels de la modernisation de l'agriculture, la spécialisation et la professionnalisation ne se laissent pas réduire à des transformations d'ordre économique et technique. La spécialisation est inséparable d'un processus de division et de hiérarchisation sociales des tâches et des savoirs qui consacre la domination de la culture technique savante sur la culture de métier paysanne. De même, l'agriculteur professionnel n'est pas seulement - et à la limite pas nécessairement - celui qui se tient à l'avant-garde du progrès technique, c'est aussi, et d'abord, celui qui fait partie de la «profession» ; la professionnalisation du métier ne se comprend que par référence à la transformation des critères de compétence et de sélection liée au dépérissement des structures sociales traditionnelles et à la montée des organismes par lesquels transitent les moyens de modernisation. [eng] Specialisation and professionalisation, which can be considered as main features of agricultural modernisation, are not merely economical and technical changes. Specialisation is associated with the division and social hierarchy of tasks and knowledge wich consecrate the dominance of technical culture upon peasant's skill culture. In the same way the professional farmer is not only - and ultimately not necessarily - he who keeps in the avant-garde of technical progress, he is foremost someone who is part of the «profession». The professionalisation of the occupation makes sense only in relation to the transformation of those criteria of competence and selection linked to the withering away of traditional social structures and the rise of professional organisations.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 152 (1982)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 61-66

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1982_num_152_1_2918
    Note: DOI:doi:10.3406/ecoru.1982.2918
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecoru

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