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Les conditions sociales de l'intensification

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  • C. Grignon

Abstract

[eng] Beyond the main outlines it allows to draw, research of historical conditions under which a culture shared by peasants of a given country has been produced points out social inequalities between groups ; these inequalities are evicted as well by the technocratic criticism of "traditional mentality" as by the populistic celebration of "peasant wisdom". By comparing agriculture of Brittany which is an exemplary case of conversion of peasantry to intensification, with agriculture of department of Sarthe which is an impoverished variant of the "Norman agricultural pattern", the author shows that resistances to innovation both are the expression of habits imbedded in regional cultures and the product of handicaps - not only economic ones - very inequaly shared out among the various farmers categories. [fre] Par delà les traits généraux qu'elle permet de dégager, la recherche des conditions de production de la culture commune aux paysans d'une région donnée fait apparaître ce qu'évacuent aussi bien la critique technocratique de la «mentalité traditionnelle» que les célébrations populistes de la «sagesse paysanne», à savoir l'existence d'inégalités entre les groupes. La comparaison entre l'agriculture bretonne,icas exemplaire de conversion de la paysannerie à l'intensification, et l'agriculture sarthoise, variante appauvrie du «modèle- normand», montre que les résistances à l'innovation sont à la fois, et indissociablement, l'expression d'habitudes inscrites dans les cultures régionales et le produit d'un ensemble de handicaps — pas seulement économiques — très inégalement répartis entre les différentes catégories d'agriculteurs.

Suggested Citation

  • C. Grignon, 1981. "Les conditions sociales de l'intensification," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 146(1), pages 3-13.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1981_num_146_1_2809
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1981.2809
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    Cited by:

    1. Gaétan Fillonneau, 2012. "Du déclassement professionnel à la désaffection pour le métier. Le cas des producteurs laitiers du Marais Poitevin," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 93(3), pages 323-350.

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