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Les débuts de l'Internet pour les petites entreprises industrielles. Se connecter ou pas ?

Listed author(s):
  • Jacques Mairesse
  • Jean-Philippe Lesne

[fre] Cet article décrit les caractéristiques principales des petites entreprises industrielles françaises qui ont choisi les premières de se connecter à l'Internet. Il montre que ces entreprises sont en général plus innovantes, qu'elles font un usage plus important de l'informatique dans leur processus de production, et qu'elles bénéficient d'une certification ISO. Bien avant de choisir de se connecter à Internet, elles étaient aussi en moyenne déjà plus productives et avaient une main-d'œuvre plus qualifiée. Il apparaît également que le fait pour une entreprise d'être une filiale d'un groupe a un effet positif important sur sa probabilité d'être connectée, tandis que le fait d'avoir un chef d'entreprise jeune a un effet positif assez faible, même s'il est statistiquement significatif. [eng] The beginnings of Internet for the small French Manufacturing firms : to connect or not to connect? This article describes some of the main characteristics of the small French Manufacturing firms which were the first to connect to the Internet. It shows that these firms are in general more innovative, that their production process is more computer intensive, and that they are more concerned with product quality. Much before deciding to connect to Internet, they were in average more productive and had a work force which was higher-skilled. The fact of being a subsidiary of a group has also a an important positive impact on the probability to be connected, while the fact of having a young firm manager as a positive impact which is rather weak, even if statistically significant.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 235-247

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_hos_52_1_410287
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410287
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