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Histoire d'une innovation: le cas d'un médicament


  • Laurent Bibard


[fre] Histoire d'une innovation. Le cas d'un médicament. . L'économie du changement technique élargit depuis quelques temps son domaine d'investigation. La prise en compte de situations empiriques complexes implique dans cette perspective d'adopter une approche ethnographique pour mettre en lumière la création de nouvelles configurations de production et de distribution de ressources rares. On présente ici l'étude d'une innovation technique dans le domaine des anticorps monoclonaux. L'innovation résulte du travail de valorisation commerciale, par un chercheur en biologie, de la découverte d'un nouvel outil de laboratoire. On montre comment ce travail contribue in fine à établir les conditions concrètes de l'émergence et de l'irréversibilisation d'un réseau technico-économique inédit dans le secteur des biotechnologies de la santé. [eng] The history of an innovation : the case of a drug . . For some time now, the investigation field covered by the economics of technical change has been expanding. Within this perspective, an ethnographical approach, applied to complexe empirical situations, is required to highlight the creation of new configurations for the production and dixtribution of scarce resources. In this article, we present the study of a technical innovation in the area of monoclonal antibodies. This innovation is the resuit of a biological researcher efforts to give a commercial value to the new discovery of a laboratory tool. We show how these efforts contribute in the end to establishing the concrete conditions for the emergence and « irreversibilization », in the area of biotechnolgies, of a new technico-economic network.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurent Bibard, 1991. "Histoire d'une innovation: le cas d'un médicament," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 42(2), pages 273-300.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1991_num_42_2_409278
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1991.409278

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dominique Foray, 1989. "Les modèles de compétition technologique. Une revue de la littérature," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(1), pages 16-34.
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    1. Hirtzlin, Isabelle, 1996. "Transfer of DNA tests from research to routine laboratories: some lessons from the French experience in the case of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 1-11, January.

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