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Sur une conséquence paradoxale du paradoxe de Giffen. Application à la crise de la pomme de terre en Irlande au XIXe siècle

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  • Jean-Pascal Simonin

Abstract

[eng] On a paradoxical consequence of the giffen's paradox. An application to the Irish potato. . Dwyer and Lindsay, then Kohli, argued recently that the upward sloping demand curve for a Giffen's good was inconsistent with the priee increase of the various foods during the 1845-1849 Irish potato famine. The purpose of this note is to show that this inconsistency disappears if the Giffen's effect is explained by a survival constraint. But this question is not suitable to the Irish dearth because the potato was not a Giffen's good bought on the market but a Giffen's good produced for consumption on the farm. [fre] Sur une conséquence paradoxale du paradoxe de Giffen. Application à la crise de la pomme de terre en Irlande au XIXe siècle. . Dwyer et Lindsay, puis Kohli, ont avancé récemment que la courbe de demande croissante caractérisant un bien Giffen était incompatible avec l'évolution des prix constatée au cours de la famine irlandaise de 1845-1849. Cette note montre que cette incompatibilité disparaît si l'effet Giffen est associé à une contrainte de survie. Mais ce problème est en fait étranger à la crise irlandaise où la pomme de terre n'était pas un bien Giffen acheté sur le marché mais un bien Giffen d'autosubsistance.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Pascal Simonin, 1988. "Sur une conséquence paradoxale du paradoxe de Giffen. Application à la crise de la pomme de terre en Irlande au XIXe siècle," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 39(2), pages 391-404.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1988_num_39_2_409069
    DOI: 10.3406/reco.1988.409069
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1988.409069
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kohli, Ulrich, 1986. "Robert Giffen and the Irish Potato: Note," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(3), pages 539-542, June.
    2. Kohli, Ulrich, 1985. "Inverse demand and anti-giffen goods," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 397-404.
    3. Jean-Pascal Simonin, 1980. "Une interprétation de l'effet « Giffen »," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 31(2), pages 347-362.
    4. Shammas, Carole, 1984. "The eighteenth-century English diet and economic change," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 254-269, July.
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