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Politique de prix agricoles et comportement des producteurs : le cas de l'arachide au Sénégal

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  • Jean-Claude Nascimento
  • Marc Raffinot

Abstract

[fre] La fixation du prix de l'arachide reste, pour le Sénégal, une importante variable de politique économique, compte tenu de son impact sur les recettes budgétaires, sur les recettes d'exportation et l'équilibre ville/campagne. Une fixation rationnelle des prix au producteur doit tenir compte de la réaction des producteurs, synthétisées par des élasticités prix à court et long terme de l'offre d'arachide. La modélisation économétrique montre que ces réactions n'ont pratiquement pas été prises en compte dans le cadre du Sénégal, et que l'Etat a surtout cherché une fixation des prix à un niveau très bas maximisant ses revenus immédiats au détriment des recettes budgétaires futures, des recettes d'exportation et du monde rural. [eng] Agricultural pricing policy. And primary producer's behavior :. The case of Senegal. Jean-Claude Nascimento, Marc Raffinot. Agricultural pricing policy in Senegal remains an important part of economic policy, because of the importance of groundnut oil in exportations, public revenue and peasant revenue. A rationale pricing policy has to take account of supply's price elasticity of groundnut producers, namely of their short and long term price elasticities. The results of an econometrical investigation show that the responsiveness of groundnut producers has been neglected, and that groundnut prices have been fixed as low as posible to maximise immediate public revenue, at the expense of export and peasant revenue.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Claude Nascimento & Marc Raffinot, 1985. "Politique de prix agricoles et comportement des producteurs : le cas de l'arachide au Sénégal," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 36(4), pages 779-796.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1985_num_36_4_408867
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1985.408867
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marc Nerlove, 1956. "Estimates of the Elasticities of Supply of Selected Agricultural Commodities," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 38(2), pages 496-509.
    2. Marc Nerlove, 1958. "Distributed lags and Estimation of Long-Run Supply and Demand Elasticities: Theoretical Considerations," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 40(2), pages 301-310.
    3. Askari, Hossein & Cummings, John Thomas, 1977. "Estimating Agricultural Supply Response with the Nerlove Model: A Survey," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 18(2), pages 257-292, June.
    4. William Lin, 1977. "Measuring Aggregate Supply Response under Instability," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 59(5), pages 903-907.
    5. Malcolm D. Bale & Ernst Lutz, 1981. "Price Distortions in Agriculture and Their Effects: An International Comparison," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 63(1), pages 8-22.
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