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Productivité-croissance. Quelle relation à moyen-long terme ? Un rapprochement des modèles de Brechling et de Kaldor-Verdoorn

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  • Brigitte Dormont

Abstract

[eng] Productivite and growth what is the long run relation-ship? Bringing together brechling's And Kaldor-Verdoorn's models. brigitte Dormont. The present sttidy deals with the estimation of the two well-known models of the productivity — growth relationship : Brechling s labor demand equation and the Kaldor-Verdoorn equation. Those two modela are in principle different, concerning respectively short-run and long-run phenomenon. Using panel data of firms, we show that both specifications do not effectively differ, and that the Kaldor-Verdoorn equation can be reinterpreted as a Brechling's labor demand function. Furthermore it is shown that the estimates of productivity-growth elaticity are rather instable and dépendant on the exact formulation of the model adopted. One should be very careful in using them for long-run analysis. [fre] Le présent article étudie sur données d'entreprises deux modèles couramment invo­qués à propos des relations productivité-croissance : la fonction de Brechling et la relation de Kaldor-Verdoorn. Leurs « vocations » sont en principe distinctes et concernent respectivement les analyses clé court terme ou celles de moyen-long terme. On montre ici que la relation Kaldor-Vercloorn ne fournit pas d'explication originale de l'évolution de la productivité à moyen-long terme, par rapport aux traditionnelles fonctions d'emploi définies par Brechling. La mise en évidence clé grandes instabilités des estimations des fonctions d'emploi vis-à-vis des spécifications adoptées incite d'ailleurs à une grande prudence quant aux jugements émis concernant les relations productivité-croissance.

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  • Brigitte Dormont, 1984. "Productivité-croissance. Quelle relation à moyen-long terme ? Un rapprochement des modèles de Brechling et de Kaldor-Verdoorn," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 35(3), pages 447-478.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1984_num_35_3_408789
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1984.408789
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. François Eymard-Duvernay, 1981. "Les secteurs de l'industrie et leurs ouvriers," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 138(1), pages 49-68.
    2. Thirlwall, A P, 1980. "Rowthorn's Interpretation of Verdoorn's Law," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 386-388, June.
    3. R. J. Ball & E. B. A. St Cyr, 1966. "Short Term Employment Functions in British Manufacturing Industry," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(3), pages 179-207.
    4. Coen, Robert M & Hickman, Bert G, 1970. "Constrained Joint Estimation of Factor Demand and Production Functions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 52(3), pages 287-300, August.
    5. Verdoorn, P J, 1980. "Verdoorn's Law in Retrospect: A Comment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 382-385, June.
    6. Robert Boyer & Pascal Petit, 1980. "Emploi et productivité dans la CEE," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 121(1), pages 35-59.
    7. N. J. Ireland & D. J. Smyth, 1970. "The Specification of Short-Run Employment Models," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 37(2), pages 281-285.
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    Cited by:

    1. Olivier Cortès & Sébastien Jean, 1997. "Quel est l'impact du commerce extérieur sur la productivité et l'emploi ?," Working Papers 1997-08, CEPII research center.

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