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Investissements étrangers et rattrapage technologique

Author

Listed:
  • Françoise Lemoine
  • Deniz Ünal-Kesenci

Abstract

[fre] Au cours des 10 dernières années, la Chine a reçu des flux massifs d’investissement direct qui ont fortement contribué à moderniser son appareil productif et ses exportations industrielles. L’expansion de ses exportations et leur rapide montée en gamme technologique sont très largement à mettre au compte des entreprises étrangères implantées en Chine, et tout particulièrement des filiales entièrement étrangères, fortement insérées dans la segmentation internationale des processus productifs. Les performances des entreprises chinoises dans le commerce international de hautes technologies sont, elles, restées modestes, suggérant une faible diffusion des transferts de technologies importées dans le tissu industriel chinois. Face au risque d’une dépendance technologique durable, les autorités ont ces dernières années mis l’accent sur le renforcement des capacités nationales de recherche et d’innovation. . Classification JEL : F15, O16, O19, O53 [eng] Foreign investment and Chinese technological take off . Last decade, China inflows lots of direct investments which contribute to bring up to date its industrial exports and its production apparatus. The increase of its exports and their quick technological rise are due to foreign firms set up in China and particularly wholly foreign owned subsidiaries which are tightly inserted in the international segmentation of production process. The results of Chinese firms in high technology international trade remained modest. So they imply a low diffusion of foreign technology transfers in the Chinese industrial network. Last few years Chinese authorities strengthened national capability of research and innovation to cope with the risk of a lasting technological dependence. . JEL classification : F15, O16, O19, O53

Suggested Citation

  • Françoise Lemoine & Deniz Ünal-Kesenci, 2004. "Investissements étrangers et rattrapage technologique," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 77(4), pages 63-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_0987-3368_2004_num_77_4_4172
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecofi.2004.4172
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    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/ecofi_0987-3368_2004_num_77_4_4172
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Wang, L. & Szirmai, A.S., 2003. "Technological Inputs and Productivity Growth in China�s High-Tech Industries," Working Papers 03.27, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies.
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    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East

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