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Investissements étrangers et rattrapage technologique

Listed author(s):
  • Françoise Lemoine
  • Deniz Ünal-Kesenci

[fre] Au cours des 10 dernières années, la Chine a reçu des flux massifs d’investissement direct qui ont fortement contribué à moderniser son appareil productif et ses exportations industrielles. L’expansion de ses exportations et leur rapide montée en gamme technologique sont très largement à mettre au compte des entreprises étrangères implantées en Chine, et tout particulièrement des filiales entièrement étrangères, fortement insérées dans la segmentation internationale des processus productifs. Les performances des entreprises chinoises dans le commerce international de hautes technologies sont, elles, restées modestes, suggérant une faible diffusion des transferts de technologies importées dans le tissu industriel chinois. Face au risque d’une dépendance technologique durable, les autorités ont ces dernières années mis l’accent sur le renforcement des capacités nationales de recherche et d’innovation. Classification JEL : F15, O16, O19, O53 [eng] Foreign investment and Chinese technological take off Last decade, China inflows lots of direct investments which contribute to bring up to date its industrial exports and its production apparatus. The increase of its exports and their quick technological rise are due to foreign firms set up in China and particularly wholly foreign owned subsidiaries which are tightly inserted in the international segmentation of production process. The results of Chinese firms in high technology international trade remained modest. So they imply a low diffusion of foreign technology transfers in the Chinese industrial network. Last few years Chinese authorities strengthened national capability of research and innovation to cope with the risk of a lasting technological dependence. JEL classification : F15, O16, O19, O53

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie financière.

Volume (Year): 77 (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 63-79

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_0987-3368_2004_num_77_4_4172
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecofi.2004.4172
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  1. Wang, L. & Szirmai, A.S., 2003. "Technological Inputs and Productivity Growth in China�s High-Tech Industries," Working Papers 03.27, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies.
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