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Prevalence of and Associated Factors for Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Young Swiss Men

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  • Natalia Estévez
  • Dominique Eich-Höchli
  • Michelle Dey
  • Gerhard Gmel
  • Joseph Studer
  • Meichun Mohler-Kuo

Abstract

Objective: The present study aimed to measure the prevalence of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a large, representative sample of young Swiss men and to assess factors associated with this disorder. Methods: Our sample consisted of 5656 Swiss men (mean age 20 years) who participated in the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF). ADHD was assessed with the World Health Organization (WHO) adult ADHD Self Report Screener (ASRS). Logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between ADHD and several socio-demographic, clinical and familial factors. Results: The prevalence of ADHD was 4.0%, being higher in older and French-speaking conscripts. A higher prevalence also was identified among men whose mothers had completed primary or high school/university and those with a family history of alcohol or psychiatric problems. Additionally, adults with ADHD demonstrated impairment in their professional life, as well as considerable mental health impairment. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that ADHD is common among young Swiss men. The impairments in function and mental health we observed highlight the need for further support and interventions to reduce burden in affected individuals. Interventions that incorporate the whole family also seem crucial.

Suggested Citation

  • Natalia Estévez & Dominique Eich-Höchli & Michelle Dey & Gerhard Gmel & Joseph Studer & Meichun Mohler-Kuo, 2014. "Prevalence of and Associated Factors for Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Young Swiss Men," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 9(2), pages 1-8, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:plo:pone00:0089298
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089298
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Debjani Das & Nicolas Cherbuin & Peter Butterworth & Kaarin J Anstey & Simon Easteal, 2012. "A Population-Based Study of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms and Associated Impairment in Middle-Aged Adults," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 7(2), pages 1-9, February.
    2. Jane L Ebejer & Sarah E Medland & Julius van der Werf & Cedric Gondro & Anjali K Henders & Michael Lynskey & Nicholas G Martin & David L Duffy, 2012. "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Australian Adults: Prevalence, Persistence, Conduct Problems and Disadvantage," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 7(10), pages 1-10, October.
    3. Iacus, Stefano M. & Porro, Giuseppe, 2007. "Missing data imputation, matching and other applications of random recursive partitioning," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 773-789, October.
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