IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/pid/journl/v49y2010i4p641-649.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Relationship between Federal Government Revenues and Expenditures in Pakistan

Author

Listed:
  • Fazal Husain

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

  • Muhammad Ali Qasim

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

  • Mahmood Khalid

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

Abstract

The paper investigates the relation between expenditures and revenues of the federal government of Pakistan for the period 1978-79 to 2008-09 using the Toda and Yamamoto (1995) methodology. The results show that there is a unidirectional causality from expenditures to revenues. The results indicate evidence of the spend-revenue hypothesis for Pakistan. The Potential investors may construe this government behaviour negatively, therefore, the investment decisions may take into account the possibilities of paying higher taxes in future.

Suggested Citation

  • Fazal Husain & Muhammad Ali Qasim & Mahmood Khalid, 2010. "The Relationship between Federal Government Revenues and Expenditures in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 49(4), pages 641-649.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:49:y:2010:i:4:p:641-649
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/2010/Volume4/641-649.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Xiaoming Li, 2001. "Government revenue, government expenditure, and temporal causality: evidence from China," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 485-497.
    2. Engle, Robert & Granger, Clive, 2015. "Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 39(3), pages 106-135.
    3. von Furstenberg, George M & Green, R Jeffrey & Jeong, Jin-Ho, 1986. "Tax and Spend, or Spend and Tax?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(2), pages 179-188, May.
    4. Paresh Kumar Narayan & Seema Narayan, 2006. "Government revenue and government expenditure nexus: evidence from developing countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(3), pages 285-291.
    5. Alan T. Peacock & Jack Wiseman, 1961. "The Growth of Public Expenditure in the United Kingdom," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number peac61-1.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Revenue; Expenditure and Causality;

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:49:y:2010:i:4:p:641-649. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Khurram Iqbal). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/pideipk.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.