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Skills, Competitiveness and Productivity


  • Muhammad Khan

    (Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Islamabad)

  • Fozia Aftab Kiani

    (Ministry of Labour and Manpower, Islamabad)

  • Afsheen Ashraf

    (Ministry of Labour and Manpower, Islamabad)

  • M. Iftikhar-Ul- Husnain

    (Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Islamabad)


This study reviews selected indicators on skills and productivity for the period 2000-2008 using labour force survey data. The review of the labour market demonstrates the need of enhancement of skills as well as improved access to skills and education which are necessary to enter a virtuous circle of higher productivity, employment, incomes growth, and development. Without a workforce that is continuously acquiring new and improved skills, it will be difficult for Pakistan to be competitive in the globalising world. The analysis clearly emphasises the need for reforms in the technical and vocational education and training system.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Khan & Fozia Aftab Kiani & Afsheen Ashraf & M. Iftikhar-Ul- Husnain, 2009. "Skills, Competitiveness and Productivity," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 48(4), pages 473-486.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:48:y:2009:i:4:p:473-486

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rashid Amjad, 2005. "Skills and Competitiveness: Can Pakistan Break Out of the Low-Level Skills Trap?," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 44(4), pages 387-409.
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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad Jamil & Ahmed Imran Hunjra & Babar Khalid, 2014. "Important Factors of Human Resource Development in Pakistan," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 3(1), pages 1-12, March.

    More about this item


    Skills; Productivity; Labour Market; Competitiveness;

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General


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