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Monopoly and Information Advantage in the Residential Mortgage Market

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  • Jie Gan
  • Timothy J. Riddiough

Abstract

Information advantage and entry deterrence incentives are investigated as they affect lending outcomes and competitive structure of the U.S. residential mortgage market. In the model, when assessing a loan applicant, the incumbent monopoly lender employs a proprietary screening technology to produce a privately observed estimate of loan credit quality. When faced with potential competitive entry, the incumbent signals poor credit quality by charging high prices to higher-quality borrowers. Market structure and loan pricing strategy are derived endogenously, where the incumbent deters entry first by segmenting consumers into prime and sub-prime loan markets and second by charging prime market borrowers a uniform rate that is higher than the risk-based monopoly rate. Empirical implications of the model are identified, and evidence is presented that is consistent with predictions. The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Society for Financial Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org., Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Jie Gan & Timothy J. Riddiough, 2008. "Monopoly and Information Advantage in the Residential Mortgage Market," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(6), pages 2677-2703, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:21:y:2008:i:6:p:2677-2703
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/revfin/hhm005
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    Cited by:

    1. Cerqueiro, Geraldo & Degryse, Hans & Ongena, Steven, 2011. "Rules versus discretion in loan rate setting," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 503-529, October.
    2. An, Xudong & Deng, Yongheng & Gabriel, Stuart A., 2011. "Asymmetric information, adverse selection, and the pricing of CMBS," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(2), pages 304-325, May.
    3. Ming Pu & Gang-Zhi Fan & Yongheng Deng, 2014. "Breakeven Determination of Loan Limits for Reverse Mortgages under Information Asymmetry," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 48(3), pages 492-521, April.
    4. Diego A. Restrepo-Tobón & Subal C. Kumbhakar, 2013. "Profit efficiency of U.S. commercial banks: a decomposition," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 010939, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
    5. Chavaz, Matthieu, 2016. "Dis-integrating credit markets: diversification, securitization, and lending in a recovery," Bank of England working papers 617, Bank of England.

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