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Promoting recovery and resilience for internally displaced persons: lessons from Colombia
[‘Rural Windfall or a New Resource Curse? Coca, Income, and Civil Conflict in Colombia’]


  • Ana María Ibáñez
  • Andrés Moya
  • Andrea Velásquez


The number of forcibly displaced persons has increased substantially since the early 2000s and has more than doubled in the last decade. Responding to the needs of forcibly displaced persons requires comprehensive legal and policy frameworks and evidence-based programmes that promote durable solutions, including sustainable movements out of poverty and their successful integration into hosting communities. In this paper, we review the dynamics of forced displacement in Colombia, the country with the largest number of internally displaced persons worldwide, and the progression of legal and policy frameworks that have been implemented since the late 1990s. We also review over two decades of research on the economic, social, and psychological consequences of forced displacement following an asset-based poverty trap framework that allows us to understand how forced displacement can alter poverty dynamics across time and generations. Throughout the review, we draw lessons for other contexts and countries affected by forced displacement and refugee flows.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana María Ibáñez & Andrés Moya & Andrea Velásquez, 2022. "Promoting recovery and resilience for internally displaced persons: lessons from Colombia [‘Rural Windfall or a New Resource Curse? Coca, Income, and Civil Conflict in Colombia’]," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press and Oxford Review of Economic Policy Limited, vol. 38(3), pages 595-624.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxford:v:38:y:2022:i:3:p:595-624.

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    Cited by:

    1. Naomi Crowther, 2022. "Returning to a Land of Opportunity? Effects of Land Restitution in Colombia," CSAE Working Paper Series 2022-13, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    2. Arlen Guarin & Juliana Londoño-Vélez & Christian Posso, 2023. "Reparations as Development? Evidence from Victims of the Colombian Armed Conflict," Borradores de Economia 1236, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.


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