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General Equilibrium Analysis of Supply Control in U.S. Agriculture


  • Hertel, Thomas W
  • Tsigas, Marinos E


This paper provides a general equilibrium analysis of several alternative supply control measures currently employed (or proposed) for U.S. agriculture. Results confirm that acreage controls generate a large marginal excess burden. However, tradeable output quotas are found to be marginally welfare improving in the aggregate. This second-best outcome reflects the benefits associated with a reduction in policy-induced excess capacity. Permitting production in excess of the quota to be sold overseas, as has been proposed, is shown to dissipate most of the domestic gains from output controls. The paper closes with a discussion of first-best alternatives to supply control. Copyright 1991 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Hertel, Thomas W & Tsigas, Marinos E, 1991. "General Equilibrium Analysis of Supply Control in U.S. Agriculture," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 18(2), pages 167-191.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:erevae:v:18:y:1991:i:2:p:167-91

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    Cited by:

    1. Alexandre Gohin & Herve Guyomard & Chantal Le Mouël, 2006. "Tariff protection elimination and Common Agricultural Policy reform: implications of changes in methods of import demand modelling," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(13), pages 1527-1539.
    2. Bullock, David S. & Salhofer, Klaus, 2003. "Judging agricultural policies: a survey," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 28(3), May.

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