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Editor's Choice Affirmative Action and the Power of the Elderly

Author

Listed:
  • Audinga Baltrunaite
  • Alessandra Casarico
  • Paola Profeta

Abstract

There is evidence that age matters in politics. In this article we study whether implementation of affirmative action policies on gender can generate additional effects on an alternative dimension of representation, namely, the age of politicians. We consider an Italian law which introduced gender quotas in candidate lists for local elections in 1993, and was abolished in 1995. As not all municipalities went through elections during this period, we can identify two groups of municipalities and use a difference in differences estimation to analyze the effect of gender quotas on the age of elected politicians. We find that gender quotas are associated with election of politicians that are younger by more than 1 year. The effect occurs mainly due to the reduction in age of elected male politicians and is consistent with the optimizing behavior of parties or of voters. (JEL codes: D72, J45)

Suggested Citation

  • Audinga Baltrunaite & Alessandra Casarico & Paola Profeta, 2015. "Editor's Choice Affirmative Action and the Power of the Elderly," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 61(1), pages 148-164.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:cesifo:v:61:y:2015:i:1:p:148-164.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/cesifo/ifu032
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Chiara Pronzato & Paola Profeta & Valeria Ferraro & Giulia Ferrari, 2016. "Gender Quotas: Challenging the Boards, Performance, and the Stock Market," Working Papers id:11411, eSocialSciences.
    2. repec:eee:poleco:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:24-46 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Bozzano, Monica, 2017. "On the historical roots of women's empowerment across Italian provinces: religion or family culture?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 24-46.
    4. Ferrari, Giulia & Ferraro, Valeria & Profeta, Paola & Pronzato, Chiara D., 2018. "Do Board Gender Quotas Matter? Selection, Performance and Stock Market Effects," IZA Discussion Papers 11462, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets

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