Individual And Contextual Determinants Of Entrepreneurship: An International Comparative Analysis
Models of entrepreneurial behavior focus usually on individual level factors yet a great deal of beginning and running a business depends on the economic, social and institutional environment. Our analysis uses data from the 2008 European Social Survey to assess the weight of country-level characteristics in explaining individual entrepreneurship measured as self-employment of business ownership. The article starts with a literature review which puts the bases of our hypotheses. The results describe cross country comparisons of entrepreneurship rates, individual and country-level regressions of entrepreneurship. As expected, there are large differences between countries with respect to rates of entrepreneurship. A great part of this variance can be accounted for by the division between the former socialist countries and the rest and by levels of urbanization.
Volume (Year): 1 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
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- Roy Thurik & Wim Verhoeven & Sander Wennekers, 1999.
"Self-employment in 23 OECD countries,"
Scales Research Reports
H199811, EIM Business and Policy Research.
- Sander Wennekers & Andre van Stel & Niels Noorderhaven & Roy Thurik, 2004.
"The Role Of Dissatisfaction And Per Capita Income In Explaining Self-Employment Across 15 European Countries,"
Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy
2004-11, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
- André van Stel & Roy Thurik & Sander Wennekers & Niels Noorderhaven, 2004. "The role of dissatisfaction and per capita income in explaining self-employment across 15 European countries," Scales Research Reports N200407, EIM Business and Policy Research.
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