IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ods/journl/v7y2018i1p15-23.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Book-to-Market Anomaly for Banking Stocks in the Indian Stock Market: A Panel Regression Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Mihir Dash

    () (Alliance University, India)

  • Sadguna Kantheti

    (Alliance University, India)

  • Guttula Krishna Teja

    (Alliance University, India)

Abstract

The book-to-market effect is one of the most widely-studied phenomena in stock returns. It is characterized by high book-to-market ratio stocks yielding higher returns than low book-to-market ratio stocks, i.e. when stock returns are positively related with book-to-market ratios. The classic Fama-French methodology for analyzing the book-to-market effect involves the comparison of the rates of return of a portfolio consisting of high book-to-market stocks with a portfolio consisting of low book-to-market stocks. The present study contributes to the literature by proposing different methodology for testing the book-to-market effect, viz. fixed-effects panel regression analysis. This study examines the book-to-market effect for banking stocks in the National Stock Exchange (NSE) of India. The data for the study was collected for a sample of eighteen stocks from the banking industry, for the period 01/04/2004 - 31/03/2014. The measures of stock performance considered in the study were mean returns, standard deviation of returns, beta, and the Sharpe and Treynor ratios. The book-to-market ratio was computed from the annual financial statements of the banks. The analysis was performed using fixed-effects panel regression analysis of stock performance on the book-to-market ratio, controlling for stock-specific and period-specific effects. The results of the study indicate significant negative relationship between the book-to-market ratio and the mean returns, Sharpe ratio, and Treynor ratio, significant positive relationship between the book-to-market ratio and beta, and no significant relationship between the book-to-market ratio and standard deviation of returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Mihir Dash & Sadguna Kantheti & Guttula Krishna Teja, 2018. "The Book-to-Market Anomaly for Banking Stocks in the Indian Stock Market: A Panel Regression Analysis," Journal of Applied Management and Investments, Department of Business Administration and Corporate Security, International Humanitarian University, vol. 7(1), pages 15-23, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:ods:journl:v:7:y:2018:i:1:p:15-23
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.jami.org.ua/Papers/JAMI_7_1_2018_15-23.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1992. " The Cross-Section of Expected Stock Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(2), pages 427-465, June.
    2. Lakonishok, Josef & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W, 1994. " Contrarian Investment, Extrapolation, and Risk," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(5), pages 1541-1578, December.
    3. Chan, Louis K C & Hamao, Yasushi & Lakonishok, Josef, 1991. " Fundamentals and Stock Returns in Japan," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(5), pages 1739-1764, December.
    4. Michael J. Brennan & Ashley W. Wang & Yihong Xia, 2004. "Estimation and Test of a Simple Model of Intertemporal Capital Asset Pricing," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(4), pages 1743-1776, August.
    5. Eugene F. Fama & Kenneth R. French, 1998. "Value versus Growth: The International Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(6), pages 1975-1999, December.
    6. Loughran, Tim, 1997. "Book-to-Market across Firm Size, Exchange, and Seasonality: Is There an Effect?," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 32(03), pages 249-268, September.
    7. Anatoliy G. Goncharuk, 2016. "Banking Sector Challenges in Research," Journal of Applied Management and Investments, Department of Business Administration and Corporate Security, International Humanitarian University, vol. 5(1), pages 34-39, February.
    8. Berk, Jonathan B, 1995. "A Critique of Size-Related Anomalies," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 8(2), pages 275-286.
    9. Banz, Rolf W., 1981. "The relationship between return and market value of common stocks," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 3-18, March.
    10. Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1995. " Size and Book-to-Market Factors in Earnings and Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(1), pages 131-155, March.
    11. repec:ods:journl:v:6:y:2017:i:3:p:151-156 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Daniel, Kent & Titman, Sheridan, 1997. " Evidence on the Characteristics of Cross Sectional Variation in Stock Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(1), pages 1-33, March.
    13. Mihir Dash, 2014. "Testing for Consistency of CAMEL Ranking of Indian Banks," Journal of Applied Management and Investments, Department of Business Administration and Corporate Security, International Humanitarian University, vol. 3(4), pages 188-192.
    14. Sushma Vegesna & Mihir Dash, 2014. "Efficiency of Public and Private Sector Banks in India," Journal of Applied Management and Investments, Department of Business Administration and Corporate Security, International Humanitarian University, vol. 3(3), pages 183-187.
    15. Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1996. " Multifactor Explanations of Asset Pricing Anomalies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(1), pages 55-84, March.
    16. Pontiff, Jeffrey & Schall, Lawrence D., 1998. "Book-to-market ratios as predictors of market returns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 141-160, August.
    17. repec:hrv:faseco:30721347 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Tim Brailsford & Clive Gaunt & Michael A O’Brien, 2012. "Size and book-to-market factors in Australia," Australian Journal of Management, Australian School of Business, vol. 37(2), pages 261-281, August.
    19. Ball, Ray, 1978. "Anomalies in relationships between securities' yields and yield-surrogates," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(2-3), pages 103-126.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    book-to-market anomaly; Efficient Market Hypothesis; performance measures; fixed-effects panel regression;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ods:journl:v:7:y:2018:i:1:p:15-23. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Anatoliy G. Goncharuk). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/dmonaua.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.