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Taxation and the Demand for Gambling: New Evidence From the United Kingdom

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  • Paton, David
  • Siegel, Donald S.
  • Williams, Leighton Vaughan

Abstract

In October 2001, the U.K. government implemented a dramatic shift in gambling taxation, resulting in a substantial decline in taxes levied on U.K. bookmakers. Using data before and after this event, we present econometric evidence on the demand response to this tax reduction. Our results imply that the demand for bookmaker gambling is highly sensitive to the rate of taxation and that the decline in the rate of taxation resulted in a large increase in the demand for onshore betting. The U.K. policy initiative provides useful information for policy makers in other countries who are contemplating changes in gambling taxation.

Suggested Citation

  • Paton, David & Siegel, Donald S. & Williams, Leighton Vaughan, 2004. "Taxation and the Demand for Gambling: New Evidence From the United Kingdom," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 57(4), pages 847-861, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ntj:journl:v:57:y:2004:i:4:p:847-61
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Forrest, David & Gulley, O. David & Simmons, Robert, 2000. "Elasticity of Demand for UK National Lottery Tickets," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 53(4), pages 853-864, December.
    2. David Paton & Donald S. Siegel & Leighton Vaughan Williams, 2001. "Gambling Taxation: A Comment," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 34(4), pages 437-440.
    3. David Paton & Donald S. Siegel & Leighton Vaughan Williams, 2002. "A Policy Response To The E--Commerce Revolution: The Case Of Betting Taxation In The UK," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(480), pages 296-314, June.
    4. Gary C. Anders & Donald Siegel & Munther Yacoub, 1998. "Does Indian Casino Gambling Reduce State Revenues? Evidence From Arizona," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 16(3), pages 347-355, July.
    5. Forrest, David & Gulley, O. David & Simmons, Robert, 2000. "Elasticity of Demand for UK National Lottery Tickets," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 53(n. 4), pages 853-64, December.
    6. David Forrest & O. David Gulley & Robert Simmons, 2000. "Testing for rational expectations in the UK National Lottery," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 315-326.
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    Cited by:

    1. Maschke Mario & Schmidt Ulrich, 2011. "Das Wettmonopol in Deutschland: Status quo und Reformansätze," Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 60(1), pages 110-124, April.
    2. David Forrest, 2014. "Football and betting," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Professional Football, chapter 23, pages 383-400 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Hasret Benar & Glenn P. Jenkins, 2006. "Regulation and Taxation of Casinos under State-Monopoly, Private Monopoly and Casino Association Regimes," Working Papers 1056, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    4. Hasret Benar & Glenn Jenkins, 2008. "The economics of casino taxation," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(1), pages 63-73.
    5. Leighton Vaughan Williams, 2014. "The Churchill Betting Tax, 1926-30: A historical and economic perspective," Economic Issues Journal Articles, Economic Issues, vol. 19(2), pages 21-38, September.
    6. David Paton & Donald S. Siegel & Leighton Vaughan Williams, 2009. "The Growth of Gambling and Prediction Markets: Economic and Financial Implications," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 76(302), pages 219-224, April.
    7. Alessandro Pandimiglio & Marco Spallone, 2011. "L'elasticitˆ della domanda nel mercato italiano dei giochi: inquadramento generale ed analisi dei casi del lotto e del superenalotto," Working Papers CASMEF 1108, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
    8. Gu, Xinhua & Tam, Pui Sun, 2014. "Tax incidence and price discrimination: An application of theories to gambling markets," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 135-151.

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