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Effects of Tax Integration and Capital Gains Tax on Corporate Leverage

Author

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  • Schulman, Craig T.
  • Thomas, Deborah W.
  • Sellers, Keith F.
  • Kennedy, Duane B.

Abstract

Results of a study of the effects of corporate tax integration on corporate capital structure decisions, based on integration reform in Canada and New Zealand. Shows that integration reduces corporate debt-to-equity rations--but that this effect is sensitive to changes in tax rates, particularly taxes on gains realized through stock appreciation.

Suggested Citation

  • Schulman, Craig T. & Thomas, Deborah W. & Sellers, Keith F. & Kennedy, Duane B., 1996. "Effects of Tax Integration and Capital Gains Tax on Corporate Leverage," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 49(1), pages 31-54, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ntj:journl:v:49:y:1996:i:1:p:31-54
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. MacKie-Mason, Jeffrey K, 1990. " Do Taxes Affect Corporate Financing Decisions?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(5), pages 1471-1493, December.
    2. Bradley, Michael & Jarrell, Gregg A & Kim, E Han, 1984. " On the Existence of an Optimal Capital Structure: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 39(3), pages 857-878, July.
    3. repec:bla:joares:v:23:y:1985:i:2:p:897-906 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jensen, Michael C, 1986. "Agency Costs of Free Cash Flow, Corporate Finance, and Takeovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 323-329, May.
    5. Boadway, Robin & Bruce, Neil, 1992. "Problems with integrating corporate and personal income taxes in an open economy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 39-66, June.
    6. Amoako-Adu, Ben, 1983. " The Canadian Tax Reform and Its Effect on Stock Prices: A Note," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 38(5), pages 1669-1675, December.
    7. Myers, Stewart C., 1977. "Determinants of corporate borrowing," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 147-175, November.
    8. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    9. Grubert, Harry & Mutti, John, 1994. "International Aspects of Corporate Tax Integration: The Contrasting Role of Debt and Equity Flows," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 47(1), pages 111-133, March.
    10. Fischer, Edwin O & Heinkel, Robert & Zechner, Josef, 1989. " Dynamic Capital Structure Choice: Theory and Tests," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 44(1), pages 19-40, March.
    11. Marsh, Paul, 1982. " The Choice between Equity and Debt: An Empirical Study," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 37(1), pages 121-144, March.
    12. Grubert, Harry & Mutti, John, 1994. "International Aspects of Corporate Tax Integration: The Contrasting Role of Debt and Equity Flows," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 47(1), pages 111-33, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Haring, Magdalena & Niemann, Rainer & Rünger, Silke, 2016. "Investor taxation, firm heterogeneity and capital structure choice," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 210, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
    2. Muhammad Azeem Qureshi & Toseef Azid, 2006. "Did They Do It Differently? Capital Structure Choices of Public and Private Sectors in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 45(4), pages 701-709.
    3. Graham, John R., 1999. "Do personal taxes affect corporate financing decisions?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 147-185, August.
    4. Magdalena Haring & Rainer Niemann & Silke Rünger, 2016. "Investor Taxation, Firm Heterogeneity and Capital Structure Choice," CESifo Working Paper Series 6098, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Furkan Baser & Soner Gokten & Guray Kucukkocaoglu & Hasan Ture, 2016. "Liquidity-Profitability Tradeoff Existence In Turkey: An Empirical Investigation Under Structural Equation Modeling," Copernican Journal of Finance & Accounting, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 5(2), pages 27-44.

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