IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Venture Capital Investors and Portfolio Firms


  • Manigart, Sophie
  • Wright, Mike


The principal goal of this monograph is to provide an overview of relevant aspects and research findings pertaining to the period after the venture capital firm (also known as venture capitalist or VC) has made the decision to invest in a particular portfolio company (or entrepreneur). Drawing principally upon refereed journal papers in entrepreneurship, finance, and management, our review is divided into six principal areas: (1) what venture capital firms do, (2) the impact of VCs on portfolio firms and other stakeholders, (3) the role of syndication, (4) the nature and timing of exit from VC investment, (5) the role of VCs in portfolio companies that undergo an initial public offering (IPO), and (6) the returns from investing in VC. The monograph concludes with a detailed outline of an agenda for further research. We provide a summary of the main papers in this literature in a set of tables in which we identify the authors, publication date, the journal, the main research question, the theoretical perspective, data, and the principal findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Manigart, Sophie & Wright, Mike, 2013. "Venture Capital Investors and Portfolio Firms," Foundations and Trends(R) in Entrepreneurship, now publishers, vol. 9(4–5), pages 365-570, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:now:fntent:0300000040

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Khavul, Susanna & Deeds, David, 2016. "The Evolution of Initial Co-investment Syndications in an Emerging Venture Capital Market," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 280-293.
    2. Saul Estrin & Daniel Gozman & Susanna Khavul, 2017. "Equity Crowdfunding and Early Stage Entrepreneurial Finance: Damaging or Disruptive?," CEP Discussion Papers dp1498, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    3. Autio, Erkko & Kenney, Martin & Mustar, Philippe & Siegel, Don & Wright, Mike, 2014. "Entrepreneurial innovation: The importance of context," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(7), pages 1097-1108.
    4. Estrin, Saul & Gozman, Daniel & Khavul, Susanna, 2017. "Equity crowdfunding and early stage entrepreneurial finance: damaging or disruptive?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86590, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Laurence Cohen & Peter Wirtz, 2018. "Caractéristiques des entrepreneurs, finance entrepreneuriale et trajectoires de croissance," Working Papers hal-01723858, HAL.

    More about this item


    Venture capital; VC process; Syndication; Initial public offering;

    JEL classification:

    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:now:fntent:0300000040. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alet Heezemans). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.