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Wettbewerb im Internet: Was ist online anders als offline?

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  • Haucap Justus

    () (Heinrich-Heine-Universitat Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE), Universitatsstr. 1, 40225 Dusseldorf, Tel.: (0211) 8115494)

  • Wenzel Tobias

    () (Heinrich-Heine-Universitat Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE), Universitatsstr. 1, 40225 Dusseldorf, Tel.: (0211) 811505)

Abstract

The Internet is characterized by competition between platforms which bring together potential partners of exchange. The degree of competition between these multi-sided platforms und market concentration are determined through (1) the strength of the direct and indirect network effects, (2) the extent of economies of scale, (3) the risk of congestition, (4) platform differentiation, and (5) the possibility of multi-homing. Depending on these factors different market concentrations and barriers to entry result. While there is no general tendency for concentration in the Internet and no general need for special market regulation of online content providers and intermediaries, single platforms may still have long lasting and significant market power which is unlikely to erode fastly, as the example of ebay illustrates.

Suggested Citation

  • Haucap Justus & Wenzel Tobias, 2011. "Wettbewerb im Internet: Was ist online anders als offline?," Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 60(2), pages 200-211, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:lus:zwipol:v:60:y:2011:i:2:p:200-211
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Haucap Justus & Wenzel Tobias, 2011. "Wettbewerb im Internet: Was ist online anders als offline?," Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 60(2), pages 200-211, August.
    2. Justus Haucap & Ulrich Heimeshoff, 2014. "Google, Facebook, Amazon, eBay: Is the Internet driving competition or market monopolization?," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 49-61, February.
    3. Dolata, Ulrich, 2017. "Apple, Amazon, Google, Facebook, Microsoft: Market concentration - competition - innovation strategies," Research Contributions to Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies, SOI Discussion Papers 2017-01, University of Stuttgart, Institute for Social Sciences, Department of Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies.
    4. Budzinski, Oliver, 2017. "Wettbewerbsregeln für das Digitale Zeitalter - Die Ökonomik personalisierter Daten, Verbraucherschutz und die 9. GWB-Novelle," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 108, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.
    5. Engelhardt Sebastian von & Freytag Andreas & Köllmann Volker, 2013. "Wettbewerbspolitischer Handlungsbedarf bei der Verknüpfung von zweiseitigen Märkten im Internet: Der Fall Google," Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 62(3), pages 311-332, December.
    6. Dolata, Ulrich, 2014. "Märkte und Macht der Internetkonzerne: Konzentration - Konkurrenz - Innovationsstrategien," Research Contributions to Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies, SOI Discussion Papers 2014-04, University of Stuttgart, Institute for Social Sciences, Department of Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies.
    7. Budzinski, Oliver & Grusevaja, Marina, 2017. "Die Medienökonomik personalisierter Daten und der Facebook-Fall," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 107, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.
    8. Hamelmann, Lisa & Haucap, Justus & Wey, Christian, 2015. "Die wettbewerbsrechtliche Zulässigkeit von Meistbegünstigungsklauseln auf Buchungsplattformen am Beispiel von HRS," DICE Ordnungspolitische Perspektiven 72, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    9. Coenen, Michael & Haucap, Justus, 2013. "Kommunal- statt Missbrauchsaufsicht: Zur Aufsicht über Trinkwasserentgelte nach der 8. GWB-Novelle," DICE Ordnungspolitische Perspektiven 53, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    10. Haucap, Justus & Kehder, Christiane, 2014. "Stellen Google, Amazon, Facebook & Co. wirklich die marktwirtschaftliche Ordnung zur Disposition?," DICE Ordnungspolitische Perspektiven 62, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    11. Justus Haucap & Christiane Kehder & Christian Kersting & Sebastian Dworschak & Alexander Skipis & Ralf Müller-Terpitz, 2014. "Marktdominanz von Google, Amazon und Co.: Diktieren die Internetfirmen die Regeln?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 67(16), pages 03-14, August.
    12. Haucap, Justus, 2015. "Ordnungspolitik und Kartellrecht im Zeitalter der Digitalisierung," DICE Ordnungspolitische Perspektiven 77, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    13. Haucap, Justus & Heimeshoff, Ulrich, 2017. "Ordnungspolitik in der digitalen Welt," DICE Ordnungspolitische Perspektiven 90, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    14. Budzinski, Oliver, 2016. "Aktuelle Herausforderungen der Wettbewerbspolitik durch Marktplätze im Internet," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 103, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.

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