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Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in Indonesia


  • Firman Mochtar
  • Yoga Affandi

    () (Bank Indonesia)


We analyzed the role of both permanent and temporary factors in affecting the Indonesian current account and real exchange dynamics before and after 2000. Adopting Lee and Chinn (1998; 2006) approach as well as Chinn et al. (2007), two results stand out. First, we confirm that the behavior of the real exchange rate has altered since 2000. Identifications show that permanent shocks have been the primary causes for the movement of the real exchange rate after 2000, while in the period before 2000, Indonesia’s real exchange rate changes were characterized by greater dominance of temporary shocks. The apparent change in the real exchange rate behavior may be strongly justified by the implementation of free-floating exchange rate system since August 1997. Second, the shift of the real exchange rate behavior after 2000 has not necessarily affected the current account dynamics. Empirical evidence confirms that the variance in current account post 2000 remains largely due to temporary shocks. Albeit having increasing influence, permanent shocks have insignificant effect in explaining fluctuations of the current account. In this sense, the current account surplus after 2000 has been attributed largely to nominal variables such as price increase, while the impact of productivity improvement is still limited.

Suggested Citation

  • Firman Mochtar & Yoga Affandi, 2015. "Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in Indonesia," Economics and Finance in Indonesia, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia, vol. 61, pages 83-91, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:lpe:efijnl:201506

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Masahiko Shibamoto & Shigeto Kitano, 2012. "Structural Change in Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics: Evidence from the G 7 Countries," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(5), pages 619-634, December.
    2. Lee, Jaewoo & Chinn, Menzie D., 2006. "Current account and real exchange rate dynamics in the G7 countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 257-274, March.
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    More about this item


    Current Account; Real Exchange Rate; Asian Crises 1997/1998;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics


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