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Structural Change in Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics: Evidence from the G7 Countries


  • Masahiko Shibamoto

    (Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration, Kobe University)

  • Shigeto Kitano

    (Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration, Kobe University)


Lee and Chinn (2006) and Chinn and Lee (2009) decomposed current account and real exchange rate into temporary and permanent shocks and argued that a temporary shock creates the combination of a current account surplus (deficit) and real exchange rate depreciation (appreciation). This paper extends their framework by examining a possible structural break in current account and real exchange rate dynamics. Using G7 country data for 1980--2007, we find structural changes in two-variable dynamics for all G7 countries during the 1990s. Temporary shocks have not been the main source of fluctuation in the current account since the 1990s. Our empirical results imply that the conventional mechanism has played a limited role in explaining the dynamics of the two variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Masahiko Shibamoto & Shigeto Kitano, 2010. "Structural Change in Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics: Evidence from the G7 Countries," Discussion Paper Series DP2010-23, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University, revised May 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:dp2010-23

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Firman Mochtar & Yoga Affandi, 2015. "Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in Indonesia," Economics and Finance in Indonesia, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia, vol. 61, pages 83-91, August.
    2. Joscha Beckmann & Robert Czudaj, 2017. "Effective Exchange Rates, Current Accounts and Global Imbalances," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(3), pages 500-533, August.
    3. Jiang, Chun & Jian, Na & Liu, Tie-Ying & Su, Chi-Wei, 2016. "Purchasing power parity and real exchange rate in Central Eastern European countries," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 349-358.
    4. repec:eee:jjieco:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:1-16 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Current account; Real exchange rate; Structural change; Global imbalances;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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